Introduction

This file contains the words list of Duolingo Chinese Mandarin. The word list was taken on 7 Jan 2018. The word definition is picked from https://www.mdbg.net/chinese/dictionary. Please note there might be mistakes. Please email anishcr@gmail.com for any corrections/updates.

Update on 14 Nov 2018. I am no longer maintaining this list. Please checkout https://github.com/anki-decks/anki-deck-for-duolingo-chinese/blob/master/words.tsv which is maintained by Nicholas and Leon

Contents

Greeting 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
you (informal, as opposed to courteous 您)
hǎo

hào
good / well / proper / good to / easy to / very / so / (suffix indicating completion or readiness) / (of two people) close / on intimate terms

to be fond of / to have a tendency to / to be prone to

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
再见再見zài jiàn goodbye / see you again later
zài again / once more / re- / second / another / then (after sth, and not until then)
jiàn

xiàn
to see / to meet / to appear (to be sth) / to interview

to appear / also written 現|现

Numbers

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Sān

sān
surname San

three / 3
one / 1 / single / a (article) / as soon as / entire / whole / all / throughout / "one" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1) / also pr. [yao1] for greater clarity when spelling out numbers digit by digit
seven / 7
eight / 8

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
shí ten / 10
líng zero / nought / zero sign / fractional / fragmentary / odd (of numbers) / (placed between two numbers to indicate a smaller quantity followed by a larger one) / fraction / (in mathematics) remainder (after division) / extra / to wither and fall / to wither
Yuán

yuán
surname Yuan / the Yuan or Mongol dynasty (1279-1368)

currency unit (esp. Chinese yuan) / first / original / primary / fundamental / constituent / part / era (of a reign) / meta- (prefix) / (math.) argument / variable / (Tw) (geology) eon

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
five / 5
jiǔ nine / 9
Bǎi

bǎi
surname Bai

hundred / numerous / all kinds of

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
èr two / 2 / (Beijing dialect) stupid
four / 4
liù six / 6

Name

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
jiào to shout / to call / to order / to ask / to be called / by (indicates agent in the passive mood)
I / me / my
Zhāng

zhāng
surname Zhang

to open up / to spread / sheet of paper / classifier for flat objects, sheet / classifier for votes


surname Li

plum
Huá

Huà

huá
abbr. for China

Mt Hua 華山|华山 in Shaanxi / surname Hua

magnificent / splendid / flowery
Míng

míng
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) / surname Ming / Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God

bright / opposite: dark 暗 / (of meaning) clear / to understand / next / public or open / wise / generic term for a sacrifice to the gods

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
名字míng zi name (of a person or thing) / CL: 個|个
什么什麼shén me what? / something / anything
míng name / noun (part of speech) / place (e.g. among winners) / famous / classifier for people
letter / symbol / character / word / CL: 個|个 / courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China
shén

shí
what

ten (used in fractions, writing checks etc) / assorted / miscellaneous


ma

me
exclamatory final particle

interrogative final particle

suffix, used to form interrogative 甚麼|什么, what?, indefinite 這麼|这么 thus, etc

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
xìng family name / surname / CL: 個|个 / to be surnamed
Wáng

wáng

wàng
surname Wang

king or monarch / best or strongest of its type / grand / great

to rule / to reign over
ne

particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about ...?", "And ...?") / particle for inquiring about location ("Where is ...?") / particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board ("ok?", "are you with me?") / (at the end of a declarative sentence) particle indicating continuation of a state or action / particle indicating strong affirmation

woolen material


surname Li

plum

Greeting 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
hěn (adverb of degree) / quite / very / awfully
高兴高興gāo xìng happy / glad / willing (to do sth) / in a cheerful mood
Gāo

gāo
surname Gao

high / tall / above average / loud / your (honorific)
Xīng

xīng

xìng
surname Xing

to rise / to flourish / to become popular / to start / to encourage / to get up / (often used in the negative) to permit or allow (dialect) / maybe (dialect)

feeling or desire to do sth / interest in sth / excitement

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
认识認識rèn shi to know / to recognize / to be familiar with / to get acquainted with sb / knowledge / understanding / awareness / cognition


surname Ye

also / too / (in Classical Chinese) final particle implying affirmation
rèn to recognize / to know / to admit
shí

zhì
to know / knowledge / Taiwan pr. [shi4]

to record / to write a footnote

Food 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
chī to eat / to consume / to eat at (a cafeteria etc) / to eradicate / to destroy / to absorb / to suffer / to stammer (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [ji2])
fàn food / cuisine / cooked rice / meal / CL: 碗, 頓|顿


surname Yu

fish / CL: 條|条, 尾
miàn

miàn
face / side / surface / aspect / top / classifier for flat surfaces such as drums, mirrors, flags etc

flour / noodles / (of food) soft (not crunchy) / (slang) (of a person) ineffectual / spineless

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


to drink / My goodness!

to shout loudly
Shuǐ

shuǐ
surname Shui

water / river / liquid / beverage / additional charges or income / (of clothes) classifier for number of washes
chá tea / tea plant / CL: 杯, 壺|壶
(negative prefix) / not / no

Occupation

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
shì is / are / am / yes / to be
he or him / (used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant) / (used before sb's name for emphasis) / (used as a meaningless mock object) / other / another
学生學生xué sheng student / schoolchild
xué to learn / to study / to imitate / science / -ology
shēng to be born / to give birth / life / to grow / raw / uncooked / student

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


ma
see 嗎啡|吗啡, morphine

(question particle for "yes-no" questions)
she
你们你們nǐ men you (plural)
我们我們wǒ men we / us / ourselves / our
他们他們tā men they
men plural marker for pronouns, and nouns referring to individuals

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
老师老師lǎo shī teacher / CL: 個|个, 位
医生醫生yī shēng doctor / CL: 個|个, 位, 名
她们她們tā men they / them (for females)
lǎo prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity / old (of people) / venerable (person) / experienced / of long standing / always / all the time / of the past / very / outdated / (of meat etc) tough
Shī

shī
surname Shi

teacher / master / expert / model / army division / (old) troops / to dispatch troops
medical / medicine / doctor / to cure / to treat

Contact

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
de





of / ~'s (possessive particle) / (used after an attribute) / (used to form a nominal expression) / (used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis)

see 的士

really and truly

aim / clear
电话電話diàn huà telephone / CL: 部 / phone call / CL: 通 / phone number
diàn electric / electricity / electrical
huà dialect / language / spoken words / speech / talk / words / conversation / what sb said / CL: 種|种, 席, 句, 口, 番

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
号码號碼hào mǎ number / CL: 堆, 個|个
多少duō shǎo

duō shao
number / amount / somewhat

how much / how many / which (number) / as much as
duō many / much / often / a lot of / numerous / more / in excess / how (to what extent) / multi- / Taiwan pr. [duo2] when it means "how"
shǎo

shào
few / less / to lack / to be missing / to stop (doing sth) / seldom

young
háo

hào
roar / cry / CL: 個|个

ordinal number / day of a month / mark / sign / business establishment / size / ship suffix / horn (wind instrument) / bugle call / assumed name / to take a pulse / classifier used to indicate number of people
weight / number / code / to pile / to stack / classifier for length or distance (yard), happenings etc

Nation

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
中国中國Zhōng guó China
rén man / person / people / CL: 個|个, 位
Zhōng

zhōng

zhòng
China / Chinese / surname Zhong

within / among / in / middle / center / while (doing sth) / during / (dialect) OK / all right

to hit (the mark) / to be hit by / to suffer / to win (a prize, a lottery)
Guó

guó
surname Guo

country / nation / state / national / CL: 個|个

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


na

něi
how / which

(particle equivalent to 啊 after noun ending in -n)

which? (interrogative, followed by classifier or numeral-classifier)
英国英國Yīng guó United Kingdom 聯合王國|联合王国 / United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland / abbr. for England 英格蘭|英格兰
美国美國Měi guó United States / USA / US
Guó

guó
surname Guo

country / nation / state / national / CL: 個|个
Yīng

yīng
United Kingdom / British / England / English / abbr. for 英國|英国

hero / outstanding / excellent / (literary) flower / blossom
Měi

měi
the Americas / abbr. for 美洲 / USA / abbr. for 美國|美国

beautiful / very satisfactory / good / to beautify / to be pleased with oneself

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


dōu

surname Du

all / both / entirely / (used for emphasis) even / already / (not) at all

capital city / metropolis
duì right / correct / couple / pair / towards / at / for / to face / opposite / to treat (sb a certain way) / to match together / to adjust / to fit / to suit / to answer / to reply / classifier: couple
加拿大Jiā ná dà Canada / Canadian
Jiā

jiā
abbr. for Canada 加拿大 / surname Jia

to add / plus / (used after an adverb such as 不, 大, 稍 etc, and before a disyllabic verb, to indicate that the action of the verb is applied to sth or sb previously mentioned) / to apply (restrictions etc) to (sb) / to give (support, consideration etc) to (sth)
to hold / to seize / to catch / to apprehend / to take / (used in the same way as 把: to mark the following noun as a direct object)


dài
big / huge / large / major / great / wide / deep / older (than) / oldest / eldest / greatly / very much / (dialect) father / father's elder or younger brother

see 大夫

Greeting 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
máng busy / hurriedly / to hurry / to rush
早上zǎo shang early morning / CL: 個|个
zǎo early / morning / Good morning! / long ago / prematurely
shǎng

shàng
see 上聲|上声

on top / upon / above / upper / previous / first (of multiple parts) / to climb / to get onto / to go up / to attend (class or university)

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
怎么样怎麼樣zěn me yàng how? / how about? / how was it? / how are things?
今天jīn tiān today / at the present / now
zěn how
yàng manner / pattern / way / appearance / shape / classifier: kind, type
jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now
tiān day / sky / heaven

Location 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
jiā

Jiā

jiā
see 傢伙|家伙

surname Jia

home / family / (polite) my (sister, uncle etc) / classifier for families or businesses / refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China / noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian / CL: 個|个
北京Běi jīng Beijing, capital of People's Republic of China / Peking / PRC government
zài (located) at / (to be) in / to exist / in the middle of doing sth / (indicating an action in progress)
běi north / to be defeated (classical)
Jīng

jīng
abbr. for Beijing / surname Jing / Jing ethnic minority

capital city of a country / big / algebraic term for a large number (old) / artificial mound (old)

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
哪儿哪兒nǎr where? / wherever / anywhere
纽约紐約Niǔ yuē New York
香港Xiāng gǎng Hong Kong
ér

r
child / son

non-syllabic diminutive suffix / retroflex final
niǔ to turn / to wrench / button / nu (Greek letter Νν)
yāo

yuē
to weigh in a balance or on a scale

to make an appointment / to invite / approximately / pact / treaty / to economize / to restrict / to reduce (a fraction) / concise
xiāng fragrant / sweet smelling / aromatic / savory or appetizing / (to eat) with relish / (of sleep) sound / perfume or spice / joss or incense stick / CL: 根
Gǎng

gǎng
Hong Kong, abbr. for 香港 / surname Gang

harbor / port / CL: 個|个

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
zhù to live / to dwell / to stay / to reside / to stop / (suffix indicating firmness, steadiness, or coming to a halt)
伦敦倫敦Lún dūn London, capital of United Kingdom
台湾臺灣Tái wān Taiwan
lún human relationship / order / coherence
dūn kindhearted / place name
Tái

tái

tái

Tái

tái

tái
Taiwan (abbr.) / surname Tai

(classical) you (in letters) / variant of 臺|台

desk / table / counter

Taiwan (abbr.)

platform / stage / terrace / stand / support / station / broadcasting station / classifier for vehicles or machines

typhoon
wān bay / gulf / to cast anchor / to moor (a boat)

Phrases 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
谢谢謝謝xiè xie to thank / thanks / thank you
不客气不客氣bù kè qi you're welcome / don't mention it / impolite / rude / blunt
Xiè

xiè
surname Xie

to thank / to apologize / to wither (of flowers, leaves etc) / to decline
customer / visitor / guest
gas / air / smell / weather / to make angry / to annoy / to get angry / vital energy / qi

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
对不起對不起duì bu qǐ unworthy / to let down / I'm sorry / excuse me / pardon me / if you please / sorry? (please repeat)
没关系沒關係méi guān xi it doesn't matter
to rise / to raise / to get up / to set out / to start / to appear / to launch / to initiate (action) / to draft / to establish / to get (from a depot or counter) / verb suffix, to start / starting from (a time, place, price etc) / classifier for occurrences or unpredictable events: case, instance / classifier for groups: batch, group
méi

(negative prefix for verbs) / have not / not

drowned / to end / to die / to inundate
Guān

guān
surname Guan

mountain pass / to close / to shut / to turn off / to concern / to involve






to connect / to relate to / to tie up / to bind / to be (literary)

system / department / faculty

to tie / to fasten / to button up

to connect / to arrest / to worry

Family 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
爸爸bà ba (informal) father / CL: 個|个, 位
妈妈媽媽mā ma mama / mommy / mother / CL: 個|个, 位
ài to love / to be fond of / to like / affection / to be inclined (to do sth) / to tend to (happen)
家人jiā rén household / (one's) family
father / dad / pa / papa
ma / mom / mother

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
shéi who / also pr. [shui2]


Nuó



nuó
surname Na

surname Nuo

that / those / then (in that case) / commonly pr. [nei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing

(archaic) many / beautiful / how / old variant of 挪
individual / this / that / size / classifier for people or objects in general
zhè this / these / (commonly pr. [zhei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing)

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
哥哥gē ge older brother / CL: 個|个, 位
姐姐jiě jie older sister / CL: 個|个
yǒu to have / there is / there are / to exist / to be
elder brother
jiě older sister

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
弟弟dì di younger brother / CL: 個|个, 位








huó

huò
surname He / Japanese (food, clothes etc)

and / together with / with / sum / union / peace / harmony / Taiwan pr. [han4] when it means "and" or "with"

to compose a poem in reply (to sb's poem) using the same rhyme sequence / to join in the singing / to chime in with others

to complete a set in mahjong or playing cards

to combine a powdery substance (flour, plaster etc) with water / Taiwan pr. [huo4]

to mix (ingredients) together / to blend / classifier for rinses of clothes / classifier for boilings of medicinal herbs
妹妹mèi mei younger sister / young woman / CL: 個|个
méi

(negative prefix for verbs) / have not / not

drowned / to end / to die / to inundate
younger brother / junior male / I (modest word in letter)
mèi younger sister

Phrases 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
请问請問qǐng wèn Excuse me, may I ask...?
知道zhī dào to know / to become aware of / also pr. [zhi1 dao5]
wèn to ask
qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal etc) / to request
zhī to know / to be aware
dào road / path / CL: 條|条, 股 / principle / truth / morality / reason / skill / method / Dao (of Daoism) / to say / to speak / to talk / classifier for long thin things (rivers, cracks etc), barriers (walls, doors etc), questions (in an exam etc), commands, courses in a meal, steps in a process / (old) administrative division (similar to province in Tang times)

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
shuì

shuō
to persuade

to speak / to say / to explain / to scold / to tell off / a theory (typically the last character in a compound, as in 日心說|日心说 heliocentric theory)
英语英語Yīng yǔ English (language)
汉语漢語Hàn yǔ Chinese language / CL: 門|门
Hàn

hàn
Han ethnic group / Chinese (language) / the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)

man


dialect / language / speech

to tell to

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
帮助幫助bāng zhù assistance / aid / to help / to assist
zài again / once more / re- / second / another / then (after sth, and not until then)
qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal etc) / to request
next in sequence / second / the second (day, time etc) / secondary / vice- / sub- / infra- / inferior quality / substandard / order / sequence / hypo- (chemistry) / classifier for enumerated events: time
bāng to help / to assist / to support / for sb (i.e. as a help) / hired (as worker) / side (of pail, boat etc) / outer layer / upper (of a shoe) / group / gang / clique / party / secret society
zhù to help / to assist

Greeting 4

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
早安zǎo ān Good morning!
晚安wǎn ān Good night! / Good evening!
一会儿一會兒yī huìr a moment / a while / in a moment / now...now... / also pr. [yi1 hui3 r5]
jiàn

xiàn
to see / to meet / to appear (to be sth) / to interview

to appear / also written 現|现
huì

kuài
can / to be possible / to be able to / will / to be likely to / to be sure to / to assemble / to meet / to gather / to see / union / group / association / CL: 個|个 / a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [hui3])

to balance an account / accountancy / accounting
Ān

ān
surname An

content / calm / still / quiet / safe / secure / in good health / to find a place for / to install / to fix / to fit / to bring (a charge against sb) / to pacify / to harbor (good intentions) / security / safety / peace / ampere

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
最近zuì jìn recent / recently / these days / latest / soon / nearest (of locations) / shortest (of routes)
好久不见好久不見hǎo jiǔ bu jiàn long time no see
不错不錯bù cuò correct / right / not bad / pretty good
zuì most / the most / -est (superlative suffix)
jìn near / close to / approximately
jiǔ (long) time / (long) duration of time
Cuò

cuò
surname Cuo

mistake / wrong / bad / interlocking / complex / to grind / to polish / to alternate / to stagger / to miss / to let slip / to evade / to inlay with gold or silver

Drink

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
yāo

yào
to demand / to request / to coerce

important / vital / to want / to ask for / will / going to (as future auxiliary) / may / must / (used in a comparison) must be / probably / if
to warm up / to heat up / hot (of weather) / heat / fervent
bīng ice / CL: 塊|块 / to chill sth / (of an object or substance) to feel cold / (of a person) cold / unfriendly / (slang) methamphetamine

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
牛奶niú nǎi cow's milk / CL: 瓶, 杯
咖啡kā fēi coffee (loanword) / CL: 杯
Niú

niú
surname Niu

ox / cow / bull / CL: 條|条, 頭|头 / (slang) awesome
nǎi

nǎi
breast / milk / to breastfeed

mother / variant of 奶
coffee / class / grade
fēi (phonetic component)

Location 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
洗手间洗手間xǐ shǒu jiān toilet / lavatory / washroom
医院醫院yī yuàn hospital / CL: 所, 家, 座
to wash / to bathe / to develop (photo)
shǒu hand / (formal) to hold / person engaged in certain types of work / person skilled in certain types of work / personal(ly) / convenient / classifier for skill / CL: 雙|双, 隻|只
jiān

jiàn
between / among / within a definite time or space / room / section of a room or lateral space between two pairs of pillars / classifier for rooms

gap / to separate / to thin out (seedlings) / to sow discontent
yuàn courtyard / institution / CL: 個|个

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
这儿這兒zhèr here
那儿那兒nàr there
饭馆飯館fàn guǎn restaurant / CL: 家
guǎn building / shop / term for certain service establishments / embassy or consulate / schoolroom (old) / CL: 家

Time 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Nián

nián

nián
surname Nian

year / CL: 個|个

grain / harvest (old) / variant of 年
yuè moon / month / monthly / CL: 個|个, 輪|轮
háo

hào
roar / cry / CL: 個|个

ordinal number / day of a month / mark / sign / business establishment / size / ship suffix / horn (wind instrument) / bugle call / assumed name / to take a pulse / classifier used to indicate number of people




small table

almost

how much / how many / several / a few
líng zero

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
星期xīng qī week / CL: 個|个 / day of the week / Sunday
明天míng tiān tomorrow
tiān day / sky / heaven


abbr. for 日本, Japan

sun / day / date, day of the month
xīng star / heavenly body / satellite / small amount
a period of time / phase / stage / classifier for issues of a periodical, courses of study / time / term / period / to hope / Taiwan pr. [qi2]
Míng

míng
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) / surname Ming / Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God

bright / opposite: dark 暗 / (of meaning) clear / to understand / next / public or open / wise / generic term for a sacrifice to the gods

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
diǎn point / dot / drop / speck / o'clock / point (in space or time) / to draw a dot / to check on a list / to choose / to order (food in a restaurant) / to touch briefly / to hint / to light / to ignite / to pour a liquid drop by drop / (old) one fifth of a two-hour watch 更 / dot stroke in Chinese characters / classifier for items
现在現在xiàn zài now / at present / at the moment / modern / current / nowadays
bàn half / semi- / incomplete / (after a number) and a half
xiàn to appear / present / now / existing / current

Family 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
孩子hái zi child
liǎng two / both / some / a few / tael, unit of weight equal to 50 grams (modern) or 1⁄16 of a catty 斤 (old)
hái child


zi
son / child / seed / egg / small thing / 1st earthly branch: 11 p.m.-1 a.m., midnight, 11th solar month (7th December to 5th January), year of the Rat / Viscount, fourth of five orders of nobility 五等爵位 / ancient Chinese compass point: 0° (north)

(noun suffix)

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
女儿女兒nǚ ér daughter
儿子兒子ér zi son
suì classifier for years (of age) / year / year (of crop harvests)
female / woman / daughter
ér

r
child / son

non-syllabic diminutive suffix / retroflex final

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
妻子qī zǐ

qī zi
wife and children

wife / CL: 個|个
丈夫zhàng fu husband / CL: 個|个


wife

to marry off (a daughter)
zhàng measure of length, ten Chinese feet (3.3 m) / to measure / husband / polite appellation for an older male


husband / man / manual worker / conscripted laborer (old)

(classical) this, that / he, she, they / (exclamatory final particle) / (initial particle, introduces an opinion)

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
māo cat / CL: 隻|只 / (dialect) to hide oneself / (coll.) modem
it
gǒu dog / CL: 隻|只, 條|条

Telephone

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
wéi

wèi

wèi
hello (when answering the phone)

hey / to feed (an animal, baby, invalid etc)

to feed
màn slow
一点儿yī diǎnr erhua variant of 一點|一点

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
kuài rapid / quick / speed / rate / soon / almost / to make haste / clever / sharp (of knives or wits) / forthright / plainspoken / gratified / pleased / pleasant


de

děi
to obtain / to get / to gain / to catch (a disease) / proper / suitable / proud / contented / to allow / to permit / ready / finished

structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc

to have to / must / ought to / to need to
明白míng bai clear / obvious / unequivocal / to understand / to realize
Bái

bái
surname Bai

white / snowy / pure / bright / empty / blank / plain / clear / to make clear / in vain / gratuitous / free of charge / reactionary / anti-communist / funeral / to stare coldly / to write wrong character / to state / to explain / vernacular / spoken lines in opera

People 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
漂亮piào liang pretty / beautiful
Gāo

gāo
surname Gao

high / tall / above average / loud / your (honorific)
piāo

piǎo

piào
to float / to drift

to bleach

elegant / polished
liàng bright / clear / resonant / to shine / to show / to reveal

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
朋友péng you friend / CL: 個|个, 位
nán male / Baron, lowest of five orders of nobility 五等爵位 / CL: 個|个
ǎi low / short (in length)
péng friend
yǒu friend

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
female / woman / daughter
可爱可愛kě ài adorable / cute / lovely
非常fēi cháng very / very much / unusual / extraordinary


can / may / able to / to approve / to permit / to suit / (particle used for emphasis) certainly / very

see 可汗
Fēi

fēi
abbr. for 非洲, Africa

to not be / not / wrong / incorrect / non- / un- / in- / to reproach or blame / (colloquial) to insist on / simply must
Cháng

cháng
surname Chang

always / ever / often / frequently / common / general / constant

Time 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
上午shàng wǔ morning / CL: 個|个
fēn

fèn
to divide / to separate / to distribute / to allocate / to distinguish (good and bad) / part or subdivision / fraction / one tenth (of certain units) / unit of length equivalent to 0.33 cm / minute (unit of time) / minute (angular measurement unit) / a point (in sports or games) / 0.01 yuan (unit of money)

part / share / ingredient / component
下午xià wǔ afternoon / CL: 個|个 / p.m.
晚上wǎn shang evening / night / CL: 個|个 / in the evening
7th earthly branch: 11 a.m.-1 p.m., noon, 5th solar month (6th June-6th July), year of the Horse / ancient Chinese compass point: 180° (south)
wǎn evening / night / late
xià down / downwards / below / lower / later / next (week etc) / second (of two parts) / to decline / to go down / to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc) / measure word to show the frequency of an action

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
měi each / every
中午zhōng wǔ noon / midday / CL: 個|个
周末週末zhōu mò weekend
tiān day / sky / heaven
Zhōu

zhōu

zhōu
surname Zhou / Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)

to make a circuit / to circle / circle / circumference / lap / cycle / complete / all / all over / thorough / to help financially

week / weekly / variant of 周
tip / end / final stage / latter part / inessential detail / powder / dust / opera role of old man

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
昨天zuó tiān yesterday
shǎng

shàng
see 上聲|上声

on top / upon / above / upper / previous / first (of multiple parts) / to climb / to get onto / to go up / to attend (class or university)
le

liǎo

liǎo
(modal particle intensifying preceding clause) / (completed action marker)

to finish / to achieve / variant of 瞭|了 / to understand clearly

(of eyes) bright / clear-sighted / to understand clearly
zuò to do / to make / to produce / to write / to compose / to act as / to engage in / to hold (a party) / to be / to become / to function (in some capacity) / to serve as / to be used for / to form (a bond or relationship) / to pretend / to feign / to act a part / to put on appearance
zuó yesterday

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
今年jīn nián this year
去年qù nián last year
明年míng nián next year
xià down / downwards / below / lower / later / next (week etc) / second (of two parts) / to decline / to go down / to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc) / measure word to show the frequency of an action
huì

kuài
can / to be possible / to be able to / will / to be likely to / to be sure to / to assemble / to meet / to gather / to see / union / group / association / CL: 個|个 / a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [hui3])

to balance an account / accountancy / accounting
to go / to go to (a place) / (of a time etc) last / just passed / to send / to remove / to get rid of / to reduce / to be apart from in space or time / to die (euphemism) / to play (a part) / (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do sth / (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker) / (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation)

Location 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
旁边旁邊páng biān lateral / side / to the side / beside
左边左邊zuǒ bian left / the left side / to the left of
右边右邊yòu bian right side / right, to the right
páng beside / one side / other / side / self / the right-hand side of split Chinese character, often the phonetic
Zuǒ

zuǒ
surname Zuo

left / the Left (politics) / east / unorthodox / queer / wrong / differing / opposite / variant of 佐
yòu right (-hand) / the Right (politics) / west (old)
biān

bian
side / edge / margin / border / boundary / CL: 個|个 / simultaneously

suffix of a noun of locality

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
前面qián miàn ahead / in front / preceding / above / also pr. [qian2 mian5]
后面後面hòu miàn rear / back / behind / later / afterwards / also pr. [hou4 mian5]
学校學校xué xiào school / CL: 所
qián front / forward / ahead / first / top (followed by a number) / future / ago / before / BC (e.g. 前293年) / former / formerly
Hòu

hòu

hòu
surname Hou

empress / queen

back / behind / rear / afterwards / after / later
jiào

xiào
to proofread / to check / to compare

school / military officer / CL: 所

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
zǒu to walk / to go / to run / to move (of vehicle) / to visit / to leave / to go away / to die (euph.) / from / through / away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走) / to change (shape, form, meaning)
dào to (a place) / until (a time) / up to / to go / to arrive / (verb complement denoting completion or result of an action)


surname Lu

road / CL: 條|条 / journey / route / line (bus etc) / sort / kind
怎么怎麼zěn me how? / what? / why?

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
哪里哪裏nǎ lǐ

nǎ lǐ
where? / somewhere / anywhere / wherever / nowhere (negative answer to question) / humble expression denying compliment / also written 哪裡|哪里

where? / somewhere / anywhere / wherever / nowhere (negative answer to question) / humble expression denying compliment
这里這裡zhè lǐ here
那里那裏nà li

nà li
there / that place / also written 那裡|那里

there / that place
wǎng to go (in a direction) / to / towards / (of a train) bound for / past / previous




lining / interior / inside / internal / also written 裏|里

Li (surname)

li, ancient measure of length, approx. 500 m / neighborhood / ancient administrative unit of 25 families / (Tw) borough, administrative unit between the township 鎮|镇 and neighborhood 鄰|邻 levels

Hobbies 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
喜欢喜歡xǐ huan to like / to be fond of
kān

kàn
to look after / to take care of / to watch / to guard

to see / to look at / to read / to watch / to visit / to call on / to consider / to regard as / to look after / to treat (an illness) / to depend on / to feel (that) / (after verb) to give it a try / Watch out! (for a danger)
Shū

shū
abbr. for 書經|书经

book / letter / document / CL: 本, 冊|册, 部 / to write
zài (located) at / (to be) in / to exist / in the middle of doing sth / (indicating an action in progress)
to be fond of / to like / to enjoy / to be happy / to feel pleased / happiness / delight / glad
huān

huān

huān
joyous / happy / pleased

hubbub / clamor / variant of 歡|欢

a breed of horse / variant of 歡|欢

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
wán to play / to have fun / to trifle with / toy / sth used for amusement / curio or antique (Taiwan pr. [wan4]) / to keep sth for entertainment
电脑電腦diàn nǎo computer / CL: 臺|台
游戏遊戲yóu xì game / CL: 場|场 / to play
zuì most / the most / -est (superlative suffix)
nǎo brain / mind / head / essence
Yóu

yóu

yóu
surname You

to swim / variant of 遊|游

to walk / to tour / to roam / to travel
trick / drama / play / show / CL: 出, 場|场, 臺|台

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
yǐn

tīng

tìng
smile (archaic)

to listen / to hear / to obey / a can (loanword from English "tin") / classifier for canned beverages

(literary pronunciation, still advocated in Taiwan) to rule / to sentence / to allow
音乐音樂yīn yuè music / CL: 張|张, 曲, 段
song / CL: 支, 首 / to sing
yīn sound / noise / note (of musical scale) / tone / news / syllable / reading (phonetic value of a character)


Yuè



yuè
surname Le

surname Yue

happy / cheerful / to laugh

music

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
跳舞tiào wǔ to dance
huì

kuài
can / to be possible / to be able to / will / to be likely to / to be sure to / to assemble / to meet / to gather / to see / union / group / association / CL: 個|个 / a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [hui3])

to balance an account / accountancy / accounting
chàng to sing / to call loudly / to chant
tiào to jump / to hop / to skip over / to bounce / to palpitate
to dance / to wield / to brandish

Daily Routine 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
起床qǐ chuáng to get out of bed / to get up
上学上學shàng xué to go to school / to attend school
上班shàng bān to go to work / to be on duty / to start work / to go to the office
早饭早飯zǎo fàn breakfast / CL: 份, 頓|顿, 次, 餐
zuò to do / to make / to produce / to write / to compose / to act as / to engage in / to hold (a party) / to be / to become / to function (in some capacity) / to serve as / to be used for / to form (a bond or relationship) / to pretend / to feign / to act a part / to put on appearance
to rise / to raise / to get up / to set out / to start / to appear / to launch / to initiate (action) / to draft / to establish / to get (from a depot or counter) / verb suffix, to start / starting from (a time, place, price etc) / classifier for occurrences or unpredictable events: case, instance / classifier for groups: batch, group
chuáng bed / couch / classifier for beds / CL: 張|张
Bān

bān
surname Ban

team / class / squad / work shift / ranking / CL: 個|个 / classifier for groups

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Cóng

cóng

zòng
surname Cong

from / through / via / to follow / to obey / to engage in (an activity) / never (in negative sentence) / (Taiwan pr. [zong4]) retainer / assistant / accomplice / related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor

second cousin
睡觉睡覺shuì jiào to go to bed / to sleep
午饭午飯wǔ fàn lunch / CL: 份, 頓|顿, 次, 餐
shuì to sleep / to lie down
jiào

jué
a nap / a sleep / CL: 場|场

to feel / to find that / thinking / awake / aware

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
放学放學fàng xué to dismiss students at the end of the school day
下班xià bān to finish work / to get off work
huí

huí
to circle / to go back / to turn around / to answer / to return / to revolve / Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims) / time / classifier for acts of a play / section or chapter (of a classic book)

to curve / to return / to revolve
晚饭晚飯wǎn fàn evening meal / dinner / supper / CL: 份, 頓|顿, 次, 餐
fàng to put / to place / to release / to free / to let go / to let out / to set off (fireworks)

Payment

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Qián

qián
surname Qian

coin / money / CL: 筆|笔 / unit of weight, one tenth of a tael 兩|两
kuài lump (of earth) / chunk / piece / classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc / (coll.) classifier for money and currency units
zhǐ

zhǐ

zhī
only / merely / just / but

grain that has begun to ripen / variant of 衹|只

classifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc
mǎi to buy / to purchase

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
一共yī gòng altogether
Máo

máo
surname Mao

hair / feather / down / wool / mildew / mold / coarse or semifinished / young / raw / careless / unthinking / nervous / scared / (of currency) to devalue or depreciate / classifier for Chinese fractional monetary unit ( = 角 , = one-tenth of a yuan or 10 fen 分)
fēn

fèn
to divide / to separate / to distribute / to allocate / to distinguish (good and bad) / part or subdivision / fraction / one tenth (of certain units) / unit of length equivalent to 0.33 cm / minute (unit of time) / minute (angular measurement unit) / a point (in sports or games) / 0.01 yuan (unit of money)

part / share / ingredient / component
gòng common / general / to share / together / total / altogether / abbr. for 共產黨|共产党, Communist party

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
信用卡xìn yòng kǎ credit card
shōu to receive / to accept / to collect / to put away / to restrain / to stop / in care of (used on address line after name)
qiān

qiān
thousand

see 鞦韆|秋千
xìn letter / mail / CL: 封 / to trust / to believe / to profess faith in / truthful / confidence / trust / at will / at random
yòng to use / to employ / to have to / to eat or drink / expense or outlay / usefulness / hence / therefore


qiǎ
to stop / to block / card / CL: 張|张, 片 / calorie / cassette / (computing) (coll.) slow

to block / to be stuck / to be wedged / customs station / a clip / a fastener / a checkpost / Taiwan pr. [ka3]

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
guì expensive / noble / precious / (honorific) your
便宜biàn yí

pián yi
convenient

cheap / inexpensive / small advantages / to let sb off lightly
现金現金xiàn jīn cash
便biàn

pián
plain / informal / suitable / convenient / opportune / to urinate or defecate / equivalent to 就: then / in that case / even if / soon afterwards

see 便宜


surname Yi

proper / should / suitable / appropriate
Jīn

jīn
surname Jin / surname Kim (Korean) / Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234)

gold / chemical element Au / generic term for lustrous and ductile metals / money / golden / highly respected / one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音

Lesson - 5
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
tài highest / greatest / too (much) / very / extremely


Wàn

wàn
see 万俟

surname Wan

ten thousand / a great number
háng

xíng
row / line / commercial firm / line of business / profession / to rank (first, second etc) among one's siblings (by age) / (in data tables) row / (Tw) column

to walk / to go / to travel / a visit / temporary / makeshift / current / in circulation / to do / to perform / capable / competent / effective / all right / OK! / will do / behavior / conduct / Taiwan pr. [xing4] for the behavior-conduct sense
le

liǎo

liǎo
(modal particle intensifying preceding clause) / (completed action marker)

to finish / to achieve / variant of 瞭|了 / to understand clearly

(of eyes) bright / clear-sighted / to understand clearly

Entertainment

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss (feel wistful about the absence of sb or sth)
Gān

gān

gān

gàn
surname Gan

dry / clean / in vain / dried food / foster / adoptive / to ignore

to concern / to interfere / shield / stem

tree trunk / main part of sth / to manage / to work / to do / capable / cadre / to kill (slang) / to fuck (vulgar)
yǐng picture / image / film / movie / photograph / reflection / shadow / trace
shì to look at / to regard / to inspect
电视電視diàn shì television / TV / CL: 臺|台, 個|个
电影電影diàn yǐng movie / film / CL: 部, 片, 幕, 場|场

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
报纸報紙bào zhǐ newspaper / newsprint / CL: 份, 期, 張|张
上网上網shàng wǎng to go online / to connect to the Internet / (of a document etc) to be uploaded to the Internet / (tennis, volleyball etc) to move in close to the net
bào to announce / to inform / report / newspaper / recompense / revenge / CL: 份, 張|张
zhǐ paper / CL: 張|张, 沓 / classifier for documents, letter etc
wǎng net / network

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
手机手機shǒu jī cell phone / mobile phone / CL: 部, 支
yòng to use / to employ / to have to / to eat or drink / expense or outlay / usefulness / hence / therefore
新闻新聞xīn wén news / CL: 條|条, 個|个


surname Ji

machine / engine / opportunity / intention / aircraft / pivot / crucial point / flexible (quick-witted) / organic / CL: 臺|台
Xīn

xīn
abbr. for Xinjiang 新疆 or Singapore 新加坡 / surname Xin

new / newly / meso- (chemistry)
Wén

wén
surname Wen

to hear / news / well-known / famous / reputation / fame / to smell / to sniff at
明星míng xīng star / celebrity

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
体育體育tǐ yù sports / physical education
节目節目jié mù program / item (on a program) / CL: 臺|台, 個|个, 套
韩国韓國Hán guó South Korea (Republic of Korea) / Han, one of the Seven Hero States of the Warring States 戰國七雄|战国七雄 / Korea from the fall of the Joseon dynasty in 1897
body / form / style / system / substance / to experience / aspect (linguistics)
jiē

jié
see 節骨眼|节骨眼

festival / holiday / node / joint / section / segment / part / to economize / to save / to abridge / moral integrity / classifier for segments, e.g. lessons, train wagons, biblical verses / CL: 個|个
Hán Han, one of the Seven Hero States of the Warring States 戰國七雄|战国七雄 / Korea from the fall of the Joseon dynasty in 1897 / Korea, esp. South Korea 大韓民國|大韩民国 / surname Han
to have children / to raise or bring up / to educate
eye / item / section / list / catalogue / table of contents / order (taxonomy) / goal / name / title

Location 4

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
zhuō table / desk / classifier for tables of guests at a banquet etc
zhǎo to try to find / to look for / to call on sb / to find / to seek / to return / to give change
桌子zhuō zi table / desk / CL: 張|张, 套
shǎng

shàng
see 上聲|上声

on top / upon / above / upper / previous / first (of multiple parts) / to climb / to get onto / to go up / to attend (class or university)

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
椅子yǐ zi chair / CL: 把, 套
xià down / downwards / below / lower / later / next (week etc) / second (of two parts) / to decline / to go down / to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc) / measure word to show the frequency of an action
jiàn

xiàn
to see / to meet / to appear (to be sth) / to interview

to appear / also written 現|现
chair

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
房间房間fáng jiān room / CL: 間|间, 個|个
冰箱bīng xiāng icebox / freezer cabinet / refrigerator / CL: 臺|台, 個|个




lining / interior / inside / internal / also written 裏|里

Li (surname)

li, ancient measure of length, approx. 500 m / neighborhood / ancient administrative unit of 25 families / (Tw) borough, administrative unit between the township 鎮|镇 and neighborhood 鄰|邻 levels
wài outside / in addition / foreign / external
Fáng

fáng
surname Fang

house / room / CL: 間|间 / branch of an extended family / classifier for family members (or concubines)
jiān

jiàn
between / among / within a definite time or space / room / section of a room or lateral space between two pairs of pillars / classifier for rooms

gap / to separate / to thin out (seedlings) / to sow discontent
xiāng box / trunk / chest

Restaurant

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
wèi position / location / place / seat / classifier for people (honorific) / classifier for binary bits (e.g. 十六位 16-bit or 2 bytes) / (physics) potential
děng class / rank / grade / equal to / same as / to wait for / to await / et cetera / and so on / et al. (and other authors) / after / as soon as / once
一下yī xià (used after a verb) give it a go / to do (sth for a bit to give it a try) / one time / once / in a while / all of a sudden / all at once
jìn to go forward / to advance / to go in / to enter / to put in / to submit / to take in / to admit / (math.) base of a number system / classifier for sections in a building or residential compound

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Zuò

zuò
surname Zuo

to sit / to take a seat / to take (a bus, airplane etc) / to bear fruit / variant of 座
菜单菜單cài dān menu / CL: 份, 張|张
英文Yīng wén English (language)
cài dish (type of food) / vegetable / cuisine / CL: 盤|盘, 道 / (coll.) (one's) type / (of one's skills etc) weak / poor
Shàn

dān
surname Shan

bill / list / form / single / only / sole / odd number / CL: 個|个
Yīng

yīng
United Kingdom / British / England / English / abbr. for 英國|英国

hero / outstanding / excellent / (literary) flower / blossom
Wén

wén
surname Wen

language / culture / writing / formal / literary / gentle / (old) classifier for coins / Kangxi radical 67

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
服务员服務員fú wù yuán waiter / waitress / attendant / customer service personnel / CL: 個|个, 位
点菜點菜diǎn cài to order dishes (in a restaurant)
买单買單mǎi dān to pay the restaurant bill
订位訂位dìng wèi to reserve a seat / to book a table / reservation


clothes / dress / garment / to serve (in the military, a prison sentence etc) / to obey / to be convinced (by an argument) / to convince / to admire / to acclimatize / to take (medicine) / mourning clothes / to wear mourning clothes

dose (measure word for medicine) / Taiwan pr. [fu2]
affair / business / matter / to be engaged in / to attend to / by all means
yuán person / employee / member
dìng to agree / to conclude / to draw up / to subscribe to (a newspaper etc) / to order

Supermarket

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
xiē some / few / several / measure word indicating a small amount or small number (greater than 1)
西

the West / abbr. for Spain 西班牙 / Spanish

west
Dōng

dōng
surname Dong

east / host (i.e. sitting on east side of guest) / landlord
东西東西dōng xī

dōng xi
east and west

thing / stuff / person / CL: 個|个, 件
bāng to help / to assist / to support / for sb (i.e. as a help) / hired (as worker) / side (of pail, boat etc) / outer layer / upper (of a shoe) / group / gang / clique / party / secret society

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
超市chāo shì supermarket / abbr. for 超級市場|超级市场 / CL: 家
水果shuǐ guǒ fruit / CL: 個|个
chāo to exceed / to overtake / to surpass / to transcend / to pass / to cross / ultra- / super-
shì market / city / CL: 個|个
guǒ fruit / result / resolute / indeed / if really

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
gěi

to / for / for the benefit of / to give / to allow / to do sth (for sb) / (grammatical equivalent of 被) / (grammatical equivalent of 把) / (sentence intensifier)

to supply / to provide
苹果蘋果píng guǒ apple / CL: 個|个, 顆|颗
西瓜xī guā watermelon / CL: 顆|颗, 粒, 個|个
píng

pín

píng
(artemisia) / duckweed

marsiliaceae / clover fern

apple
guā melon / gourd / squash

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
鸡蛋雞蛋jī dàn (chicken) egg / hen's egg / CL: 個|个, 打
新鲜新鮮xīn xiān fresh (experience, food etc) / freshness / novel / uncommon
fowl / chicken / CL: 隻|只 / (slang) prostitute
dàn egg / CL: 個|个, 打 / oval-shaped thing
xiān

xiǎn

xiān
fresh / bright (in color) / delicious / tasty / delicacy / aquatic foods

few / rare

fish / old variant of 鮮|鲜
蔬菜shū cài vegetables / produce / CL: 種|种
shū vegetables

Lesson - 5
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Bāo

bāo
surname Bao

to cover / to wrap / to hold / to include / to take charge of / to contract (to or for) / package / wrapper / container / bag / to hold or embrace / bundle / packet / CL: 個|个, 隻|只


surname Mi

rice / CL: 粒 / meter (classifier)
面包麵包miàn bāo bread / CL: 片, 袋, 塊|块
dài pouch / bag / sack / pocket
táng sugar / sweets / candy / CL: 顆|颗, 塊|块

Hobbies 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
wéi

wèi
as (in the capacity of) / to take sth as / to act as / to serve as / to behave as / to become / to be / to do / by (in the passive voice)

because of / for / to
Wén

wén
surname Wen

language / culture / writing / formal / literary / gentle / (old) classifier for coins / Kangxi radical 67


surname Xi

to practice / to study / habit
学习學習xué xí to learn / to study
中文Zhōng wén Chinese language
为什么為什麼wèi shén me why? / for what reason?
to go / to go to (a place) / (of a time etc) last / just passed / to send / to remove / to get rid of / to reduce / to be apart from in space or time / to die (euphemism) / to play (a part) / (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do sth / (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker) / (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation)

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
因为因為yīn wèi because / owing to / on account of
所以suǒ yǐ therefore / as a result / so / the reason why
西班牙Xī bān yá Spain
yīn cause / reason / because
suǒ actually / place / classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc / that which / particle introducing a relative clause or passive / CL: 個|个


abbr. for Israel 以色列

to use / by means of / according to / in order to / because of / at (a certain date or place)
西

the West / abbr. for Spain 西班牙 / Spanish

west
Bān

bān
surname Ban

team / class / squad / work shift / ranking / CL: 個|个 / classifier for groups
tooth / ivory / CL: 顆|颗

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
旅游旅遊lǚ yóu trip / journey / tourism / travel / tour / to travel
爱好愛好ài hào to like / to take pleasure in / keen on / fond of / interest / hobby / appetite for / CL: 個|个
Xīn

xīn
abbr. for Xinjiang 新疆 or Singapore 新加坡 / surname Xin

new / newly / meso- (chemistry)
西班牙语西班牙語Xī bān yá yǔ Spanish language
轻松輕鬆qīng sōng light / gentle / relaxed / effortless / uncomplicated / to relax / to take things less seriously
trip / travel / to travel / brigade (army)
hǎo

hào
good / well / proper / good to / easy to / very / so / (suffix indicating completion or readiness) / (of two people) close / on intimate terms

to be fond of / to have a tendency to / to be prone to
qīng light / easy / gentle / soft / reckless / unimportant / frivolous / small in number / unstressed / neutral / to disparage
Sōng

sōng

sōng
surname Song

pine / CL: 棵

loose / to loosen / to relax

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
照相机照相機zhào xiàng jī camera / CL: 個|个, 架, 部, 台, 隻|只
印度Yìn dù India
拍照pāi zhào to take a picture
pāi to pat / to clap / to slap / to swat / to take (a photo) / to shoot (a film) / racket (sports) / beat (music)
zhào according to / in accordance with / to shine / to illuminate / to reflect / to look at (one's reflection) / to take (a photo) / photo / as requested / as before
Yìn

yìn
surname Yin / abbr. for 印度

to print / to mark / to engrave / a seal / a print / a stamp / a mark / a trace / image
Xiāng

xiāng

xiàng
surname Xiang

each other / one another / mutually

appearance / portrait / picture / government minister / (physics) phase / (literary) to appraise (esp. by scrutinizing physical features) / to read sb's fortune (by physiognomy, palmistry etc)


duó
to pass / to spend (time) / measure / limit / extent / degree of intensity / degree (angles, temperature etc) / kilowatt-hour / classifier for events and occurrences

to estimate / Taiwan pr. [duo4]

Dining 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Hǎi

hǎi
surname Hai

ocean / sea / CL: 個|个, 片 / great number of people or things / (dialect) numerous
běn root / stem / origin / source / this / the current / original / inherent / originally / classifier for books, periodicals, files etc
Huán

hái

huán
surname Huan

still / still in progress / still more / yet / even more / in addition / fairly / passably (good) / as early as / even / also / else

to pay back / to return
上海Shàng hǎi Shanghai municipality, central east China, abbr. to 滬|沪
cài dish (type of food) / vegetable / cuisine / CL: 盤|盘, 道 / (coll.) (one's) type / (of one's skills etc) weak / poor
还是還是hái shi or / still / nevertheless / had better
日本Rì běn Japan / Japanese

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
ròu meat / flesh / pulp (of a fruit) / (coll.) (of a fruit) squashy / (of a person) flabby / irresolute
米饭米飯mǐ fàn (cooked) rice
面条麵條miàn tiáo noodles
鸡肉雞肉jī ròu chicken meat

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
牛肉niú ròu beef
猪肉豬肉zhū ròu pork
羊肉yáng ròu mutton / goat meat
饮料飲料yǐn liào drink / beverage
zhū hog / pig / swine / CL: 口, 頭|头
Yáng

yáng
surname Yang

sheep / goat / CL: 頭|头, 隻|只
yǐn

yìn
to drink

to give (animals) water to drink
liào material / stuff / grain / feed / to expect / to anticipate / to guess

Health 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
zuō

zuò
worker / workshop / (slang) troublesome / high-maintenance (person)

to do / to grow / to write or compose / to pretend / to regard as / to feel / writings or works


de

děi
to obtain / to get / to gain / to catch (a disease) / proper / suitable / proud / contented / to allow / to permit / ready / finished

structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc

to have to / must / ought to / to need to
jiào

jué
a nap / a sleep / CL: 場|场

to feel / to find that / thinking / awake / aware
gōng work / worker / skill / profession / trade / craft / labor
lěi

lèi

Léi

léi
to accumulate / to involve or implicate (Taiwan pr. [lei4]) / continuous / repeated

tired / weary / to strain / to wear out / to work hard

surname Lei

rope / to bind together / to twist around
工作gōng zuò to work / (of a machine) to operate / job / work / task / CL: 個|个, 份, 項|项
觉得覺得jué de to think / to feel
有点儿有點兒yǒu diǎnr slightly / a little / somewhat

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
pán

pàng
healthy / at ease

fat / plump
健康jiàn kāng health / healthy
不要bù yào don't! / must not
jiàn healthy / to invigorate / to strengthen / to be good at / to be strong in
Kāng

kāng
surname Kang

healthy / peaceful / abundant

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
身体身體shēn tǐ the body / one's health / CL: 具, 個|个 / in person
注意zhù yì to take note of / to pay attention to
shēn body / life / oneself / personally / one's morality and conduct / the main part of a structure or body / pregnant / classifier for sets of clothes: suit, twinset / Kangxi radical 158
zhù

zhù
to inject / to pour into / to concentrate / to pay attention / stake (gambling) / classifier for sums of money / variant of 註|注

to register / to annotate / note / comment


Italy / Italian / abbr. for 意大利

idea / meaning / thought / to think / wish / desire / intention / to expect / to anticipate

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
开始開始kāi shǐ to begin / beginning / to start / initial / CL: 個|个
锻炼鍛鍊duàn liàn to toughen / to temper / to engage in physical exercise / to work out / (fig.) to develop one's skills / to train oneself
kāi to open / to start / to turn on / to boil / to write out (a prescription, check, invoice etc) / to operate (a vehicle) / carat (gold) / abbr. for Kelvin, 開爾文|开尔文 / abbr. for 開本|开本, book format
duàn to forge / to discipline / wrought
shǐ to begin / to start / then / only then
liàn to refine / to smelt

Transportation

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Tiě

tiě
surname Tie

iron (metal) / arms / weapons / hard / strong / violent / unshakeable / determined / close / tight (slang)
diàn inn / shop / store / CL: 家
de

-ly / structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct

earth / ground / field / place / land / CL: 片
jiǔ wine (esp. rice wine) / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage / CL: 杯, 瓶, 罐, 桶, 缸
酒店jiǔ diàn wine shop / pub (public house) / hotel / restaurant / (Tw) hostess club
地铁地鐵dì tiě subway / metro
Zuò

zuò
surname Zuo

to sit / to take a seat / to take (a bus, airplane etc) / to bear fruit / variant of 座
不准bù zhǔn not to allow / to forbid / to prohibit
zhǔn

zhǔn
to allow / to grant / in accordance with / in the light of

accurate / standard / definitely / certainly / about to become (bride, son-in-law etc) / quasi- / para-

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
出租车出租車chū zū chē taxi / (Taiwan) rental car
zhàn station / to stand / to halt / to stop / branch of a company or organization / website
xià down / downwards / below / lower / later / next (week etc) / second (of two parts) / to decline / to go down / to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc) / measure word to show the frequency of an action
Chē

chē

surname Che

car / vehicle / CL: 輛|辆 / machine / to shape with a lathe

war chariot (archaic) / rook (in Chinese chess) / rook (in chess)
chū to go out / to come out / to occur / to produce / to go beyond / to rise / to put forth / to happen / (used after a verb to indicate an outward direction or a positive result) / classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc
to hire / to rent / to charter / to rent out / to lease out / rent / land tax

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
可以kě yǐ can / may / possible / able to / not bad / pretty good
汽车汽車qì chē car / automobile / bus / CL: 輛|辆
公共gōng gòng public / common / communal
chuán boat / vessel / ship / CL: 條|条, 艘, 隻|只
gōng public / collectively owned / common / international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar) / make public / fair / just / Duke, highest of five orders of nobility 五等爵位 / honorable (gentlemen) / father-in-law / male (animal)
steam / vapor

Shopping 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
jiàn item / component / classifier for events, things, clothes etc


clothes / CL: 件

to dress / to wear / to put on (clothes)
Shāng

shāng
Shang Dynasty (c. 1600-1046 BC) / surname Shang

commerce / merchant / dealer / to consult / 2nd note in pentatonic scale / quotient (as in 智商, intelligence quotient)
商店shāng diàn store / shop / CL: 家, 個|个
衣服yī fu clothes / CL: 件, 套

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
kāi to open / to start / to turn on / to boil / to write out (a prescription, check, invoice etc) / to operate (a vehicle) / carat (gold) / abbr. for Kelvin, 開爾文|开尔文 / abbr. for 開本|开本, book format
Guān

guān
surname Guan

mountain pass / to close / to shut / to turn off / to concern / to involve
Mén

mén
surname Men

gate / door / CL: 扇 / gateway / doorway / CL: 個|个 / opening / valve / switch / way to do something / knack / family / house / (religious) sect / school (of thought) / class / category / phylum or division (taxonomy) / classifier for large guns / classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology / (suffix) -gate (i.e. scandal; derived from Watergate)
欢迎歡迎huān yíng to welcome / welcome
yíng to welcome / to meet / to face / to forge ahead (esp. in the face of difficulties)

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
nín you (courteous, as opposed to informal 你)
帮忙幫忙bāng máng to help / to lend a hand / to do a favor / to do a good turn
需要xū yào to need / to want / to demand / to require / requirement / need
to require / to need / to want / necessity / need
随便隨便suí biàn as one wishes / as one pleases / at random / negligent / casual / wanton
Suí

suí
surname Sui

to follow / to comply with / varying according to... / to allow / subsequently
便biàn

pián
plain / informal / suitable / convenient / opportune / to urinate or defecate / equivalent to 就: then / in that case / even if / soon afterwards

see 便宜

Languages

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
letter / symbol / character / word / CL: 個|个 / courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China
dòu

comma / phrase marked by pause

to read / to study / reading of word (i.e. pronunciation), similar to 拼音
一点儿yī diǎnr erhua variant of 一點|一点

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
意思yì si idea / opinion / meaning / wish / desire / interest / fun / token of appreciation, affection etc / CL: 個|个 / to give as a small token / to do sth as a gesture of goodwill etc
xiě to write
Cuò

cuò
surname Cuo

mistake / wrong / bad / interlocking / complex / to grind / to polish / to alternate / to stagger / to miss / to let slip / to evade / to inlay with gold or silver
nán

nàn
difficult (to...) / problem / difficulty / difficult / not good

disaster / distress / to scold
to think / to consider

Time 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
miǎo second (unit of time) / arc second (angular measurement unit) / (coll.) instantly
quarter (hour) / moment / to carve / to engrave / to cut / oppressive / classifier for short time intervals
chā

chà

chāi
difference / discrepancy / to differ / error / to err / to make a mistake

to differ from / to fall short of / lacking / wrong / inferior

to send / to commission / messenger / mission

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
小时小時xiǎo shí hour / CL: 個|个
分钟分鐘fēn zhōng minute
xiǎo small / tiny / few / young
Shí

shí
surname Shi

o'clock / time / when / hour / season / period
Zhōng

zhōng

zhōng
surname Zhong

handleless cup / goblet / to concentrate / variant of 鐘|钟

clock / o'clock / time as measured in hours and minutes / bell / CL: 架, 座

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Zhōng

zhōng

zhōng
surname Zhong

handleless cup / goblet / to concentrate / variant of 鐘|钟

clock / o'clock / time as measured in hours and minutes / bell / CL: 架, 座
zhěng exactly / in good order / whole / complete / entire / in order / orderly / to repair / to mend / to renovate / (coll.) to fix sb / to give sb a hard time / to mess with sb
zǎo early / morning / Good morning! / long ago / prematurely
wǎn evening / night / late

Dining 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
bēi cup / trophy cup / classifier for certain containers of liquids: glass, cup
beer


Germany / German / abbr. for 德國|德国

virtue / goodness / morality / ethics / kindness / favor / character / kind
德国德國Dé guó Germany / German
啤酒pí jiǔ beer (loanword) / CL: 杯, 瓶, 罐, 桶, 缸
果汁guǒ zhī fruit juice
zhī juice

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
香蕉xiāng jiāo banana / CL: 枝, 根, 個|个, 把
蛋糕dàn gāo cake / CL: 塊|块, 個|个
kuài lump (of earth) / chunk / piece / classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc / (coll.) classifier for money and currency units
xiāng fragrant / sweet smelling / aromatic / savory or appetizing / (to eat) with relish / (of sleep) sound / perfume or spice / joss or incense stick / CL: 根
jiāo

qiáo
banana

see 蕉萃
gāo cake

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
wǎn bowl / cup / CL: 隻|只, 個|个
杯子bēi zi cup / glass / CL: 個|个, 隻|只
盘子盤子pán zi tray / plate / dish / CL: 個|个
pán plate / dish / tray / board / hard drive (computing) / to build / to coil / to check / to examine / to transfer (property) / to make over / classifier for food: dish, helping / to coil / classifier for coils of wire / classifier for games of chess

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
筷子kuài zi chopsticks / CL: 對|对, 根, 把, 雙|双
Dāo

dāo
surname Dao

knife / blade / single-edged sword / cutlass / CL: 把 / (slang) dollar (loanword) / classifier for sets of one hundred sheets (of paper) / classifier for knife cuts or stabs
chā

chá

chǎ
fork / pitchfork / prong / pick / cross / intersect / "X"

to cross / be stuck

to diverge / to open (as legs)
kuài chopstick
勺子sháo zi scoop / ladle / CL: 把
sháo spoon / ladle / CL: 把 / abbr. for 公勺, centiliter (unit of volume)

Existence

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Shì

shì
surname Shi

room / work unit / grave / scabbard / family or clan / one of the 28 constellations of Chinese astronomy
bàn to do / to manage / to handle / to go about / to run / to set up / to deal with
liàng classifier for vehicles
办公室辦公室bàn gōng shì office / business premises / bureau / CL: 間|间
běn root / stem / origin / source / this / the current / original / inherent / originally / classifier for books, periodicals, files etc

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
瓶子píng zi bottle / CL: 個|个
Zhāng

zhāng
surname Zhang

to open up / to spread / sheet of paper / classifier for flat objects, sheet / classifier for votes
照片zhào piàn photograph / picture / CL: 張|张, 套, 幅
píng bottle / vase / pitcher / CL: 個|个 / classifier for wine and liquids
piān

piàn
disk / sheet

thin piece / flake / a slice / film / TV play / to slice / to carve thin / partial / incomplete / one-sided / classifier for slices, tablets, tract of land, area of water / classifier for CDs, movies, DVDs etc / used with numeral 一: classifier for scenario, scene, feeling, atmosphere, sound etc

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
zhǐ

zhǐ

zhī
only / merely / just / but

grain that has begun to ripen / variant of 衹|只

classifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc
niǎo bird / CL: 隻|只, 群 / (dialect) to pay attention to / (intensifier) damned / goddam
shù tree / CL: 棵 / to cultivate / to set up

Sports 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


surname Bu

a step / a pace / walk / march / stages in a process / situation
páo

pǎo
(of an animal) to paw (the ground)

to run / to run away / to escape / to run around (on errands etc) / (of a gas or liquid) to leak or evaporate / (verb complement) away / off
yǒng swimming / to swim
Yóu

yóu

yóu
surname You

to swim / variant of 遊|游

to walk / to tour / to roam / to travel
游泳yóu yǒng swimming / to swim
跑步pǎo bù to run / to jog / (military) to march at the double

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
to kick / to play (e.g. soccer) / (slang) butch (in a lesbian relationship)
足球zú qiú soccer ball / a football / CL: 個|个 / soccer / football


dozen (loanword)

to beat / to strike / to hit / to break / to type / to mix up / to build / to fight / to fetch / to make / to tie up / to issue / to shoot / to calculate / to play (a game) / since / from
篮球籃球lán qiú basketball / CL: 個|个, 隻|只


excessive

foot / to be sufficient / ample
lán basket (receptacle) / basket (in basketball)
qiú ball / sphere / globe / CL: 個|个 / ball game / match / CL: 場|场

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
运动運動yùn dòng to move / to exercise / sports / exercise / motion / movement / campaign / CL: 場|场


surname Ma / abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚

horse / CL: 匹 / horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess / knight in Western chess


(Taiwan) saddle horse / mounted soldier

to ride (an animal or bike) / to sit astride / classifier for saddle-horses
yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply / fortune / luck / fate
dòng (of sth) to move / to set in movement / to displace / to touch / to make use of / to stir (emotions) / to alter / abbr. for 動詞|动词, verb

Invitiation 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


ba
bar (loanword) (serving drinks, or providing Internet access etc) / to puff (on a pipe etc) / (onom.) bang / abbr. for 貼吧|贴吧

(modal particle indicating suggestion or surmise) / ...right? / ...OK? / ...I presume.
出去chū qù to go out
时间時間shí jiān time / period / CL: 段

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
时候時候shí hou time / length of time / moment / period
kōng

kòng
empty / air / sky / in vain

to empty / vacant / unoccupied / space / leisure / free time
qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal etc) / to request
lái to come / to arrive / to come round / ever since / next
hòu to wait / to inquire after / to watch / season / climate / (old) period of five days

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Guò

guò

guo
surname Guo

to cross / to go over / to pass (time) / to celebrate (a holiday) / to live / to get along / excessively / too-

(experienced action marker)
一起yī qǐ in the same place / together / with / altogether (in total)
jiā

Jiā

jiā
see 傢伙|家伙

surname Jia

home / family / (polite) my (sister, uncle etc) / classifier for families or businesses / refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China / noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian / CL: 個|个
不好意思bù hǎo yì si to feel embarrassed / to find it embarrassing / to be sorry (for inconveniencing sb)

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
gěi

to / for / for the benefit of / to give / to allow / to do sth (for sb) / (grammatical equivalent of 被) / (grammatical equivalent of 把) / (sentence intensifier)

to supply / to provide
告诉告訴gào sù

gào su
to press charges / to file a complaint

to tell / to inform / to let know
gào to say / to tell / to announce / to report / to denounce / to file a lawsuit / to sue
to complain / to sue / to tell
约会約會yuē huì appointment / engagement / date / CL: 次, 個|个 / to arrange to meet
浪漫làng màn romantic
làng wave / breaker / unrestrained / dissipated
màn free / unrestrained / to inundate

Health 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
gāi should / ought to / probably / must be / to deserve / to owe / to be sb's turn to do sth / that / the above-mentioned
bìng illness / CL: 場|场 / disease / to fall ill / defect
Shū

shū
surname Shu

to stretch / to unfold / to relax / leisurely
Yìng

yīng

yìng
surname Ying

to agree (to do sth) / should / ought to / must / (legal) shall

to answer / to respond / to comply with / to deal or cope with
生病shēng bìng to fall ill
应该應該yīng gāi ought to / should / must
舒服shū fu comfortable / feeling well
le

liǎo

liǎo
(modal particle intensifying preceding clause) / (completed action marker)

to finish / to achieve / variant of 瞭|了 / to understand clearly

(of eyes) bright / clear-sighted / to understand clearly

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
téng (it) hurts / sore / to love dearly
tóu

tou
head / hair style / the top / end / beginning or end / a stub / remnant / chief / boss / side / aspect / first / leading / classifier for pigs or livestock / CL: 個|个

suffix for nouns
休息xiū xi rest / to rest
Xiū

xiū
surname Xiu

to rest / to stop doing sth for a period of time / to cease / (imperative) don't
breath / news / interest (on an investment or loan) / to cease / to stop / to rest / Taiwan pr. [xi2]
肚子dù zi belly / abdomen / stomach / CL: 個|个


tripe

belly

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
yào

yào
leaf of the iris / variant of 藥|药

medicine / drug / substance used for a specific purpose (e.g. poisoning, explosion, fermenting) / CL: 種|种, 服, 味 / to poison
一定yī dìng surely / certainly / necessarily / fixed / a certain (extent etc) / given / particular / must
感冒gǎn mào to catch cold / (common) cold / CL: 場|场, 次 / (coll.) to be interested in (often used in the negative) / (Tw) to detest / can't stand
gǎn to feel / to move / to touch / to affect / feeling / emotion / (suffix) sense of ~
dìng to set / to fix / to determine / to decide / to order
Mào

mào
surname Mao

to emit / to give off / to send out (or up, forth) / to brave / to face / reckless / to falsely adopt (sb's identity etc) / to feign / (literary) to cover
liú to leave (a message etc) / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
请假請假qǐng jià to request leave of absence
发烧發燒fā shāo to have a high temperature (from illness) / to have a fever
Bié

bié

biè
surname Bie

to leave / to depart / to separate / to distinguish / to classify / other / another / don't ...! / to pin / to stick (sth) in

to make sb change their ways, opinions etc


to send out / to show (one's feeling) / to issue / to develop / to make a bundle of money / classifier for gunshots (rounds)

hair / Taiwan pr. [fa3]
jiǎ

jià
fake / false / artificial / to borrow / if / suppose

vacation
shāo to burn / to cook / to stew / to bake / to roast / to heat / to boil (tea, water etc) / fever / to run a temperature / (coll.) to let things go to one's head

Invitation 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
pài clique / school / group / faction / to dispatch / to send / to assign / to appoint / pi (Greek letter Ππ) / the circular ratio pi = 3.1415926 / (loanword) pie
Néng

néng
surname Neng

can / to be able to / might possibly / ability / (physics) energy
生日shēng rì birthday / CL: 個|个
派对派對pài duì party (loanword)
打扮dǎ ban to decorate / to dress / to make up / to adorn / manner of dressing / style of dress
bàn to disguise oneself as / to dress up / to play (a role) / to put on (an expression)

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
希望xī wàng to wish for / to desire / hope / CL: 個|个
gēn heel / to follow closely / to go with / (of a woman) to marry sb / with / compared with / to / towards / and (joining two nouns)
to hope / to admire / variant of 稀
wàng

wàng
full moon / to hope / to expect / to visit / to gaze (into the distance) / to look towards / towards

15th day of month (lunar calendar) / old variant of 望

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
大家dà jiā everyone / influential family / great expert
公司gōng sī (business) company / company / firm / corporation / incorporated / CL: 家
正在zhèng zài just at (that time) / right in (that place) / right in the middle of (doing sth)
zhēng

zhèng
first month of the lunar year

straight / upright / proper / main / principal / to correct / to rectify / exactly / just (at that time) / right (in that place) / (math.) positive


surname Si

to take charge of / to manage / department (under a ministry)

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
事情shì qing affair / matter / thing / business / CL: 件, 樁|桩
cái

cái
ability / talent / sb of a certain type / a capable individual / only / only then / just now

a moment ago / just now / (indicating sth happening later than expected) / (preceded by a clause of condition or reason) not until / (followed by a numerical clause) only
duō many / much / often / a lot of / numerous / more / in excess / how (to what extent) / multi- / Taiwan pr. [duo2] when it means "how"
shì matter / thing / item / work / affair / CL: 件, 樁|桩, 回
qíng feeling / emotion / passion / situation

Dining 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Fèi

fèi
surname Fei

to cost / to spend / fee / wasteful / expenses
wán to finish / to be over / whole / complete / entire
Jīng

jīng
surname Jing

classics / sacred book / scripture / to pass through / to undergo / to bear / to endure / warp (textile) / longitude / menstruation / channel (TCM) / abbr. for economics 經濟|经济
already / to stop / then / afterwards
已经已經yǐ jīng already
qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal etc) / to request
小费小費xiǎo fèi tip / gratuity

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
bǎo to eat till full / satisfied
好吃hǎo chī

hào chī
tasty / delicious

to be fond of eating / to be gluttonous
zhēn really / truly / indeed / real / true / genuine

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
饿è to be hungry / hungry / to starve (sb)
shǎo

shào
few / less / to lack / to be missing / to stop (doing sth) / seldom

young
好喝hǎo hē tasty (drinks)
thirsty
jiǔ wine (esp. rice wine) / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage / CL: 杯, 瓶, 罐, 桶, 缸

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
巧克力qiǎo kè lì chocolate (loanword) / CL: 塊|块
味道wèi dao flavor / smell / hint of
甜点甜點tián diǎn dessert
tián sweet
qiǎo opportunely / coincidentally / as it happens / skillful / timely




kēi
to be able to / to subdue / to restrain / to overcome / gram / Tibetan unit of land area, about 6 ares

Ke (c. 2000 BC), seventh of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God

to scold / to beat


surname Li

power / force / strength / ability / strenuously

Shopping 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
shì to test / to try / experiment / examination / test
Lán

lán
surname Lan

blue / indigo plant
tiáo strip / item / article / clause (of law or treaty) / classifier for long thin things (ribbon, river, road, trousers etc)
qún skirt / CL: 條|条
裙子qún zi skirt / CL: 條|条

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Shuāng

shuāng
surname Shuang

two / double / pair / both / even (number)
Huán

hái

huán
surname Huan

still / still in progress / still more / yet / even more / in addition / fairly / passably (good) / as early as / even / also / else

to pay back / to return
鞋子xié zi shoe
意大利Yì dà lì Italy / Italian


shǎi
color / CL: 種|种 / look / appearance / sex

color / dice
xié shoe / CL: 雙|双, 隻|只


surname Li

sharp / favorable / advantage / benefit / profit / interest / to do good to / to benefit

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
xiǎo small / tiny / few / young




Belgium / Belgian / abbr. for 比利時|比利时

(particle used for comparison and "-er than") / to compare / to contrast / to gesture (with hands) / ratio

to associate with / to be near
衬衫襯衫chèn shān shirt / blouse / CL: 件
chèn (of garments) against the skin / to line / lining / to contrast with / to assist financially
shān garment / jacket with open slits in place of sleeves

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


dài
big / huge / large / major / great / wide / deep / older (than) / oldest / eldest / greatly / very much / (dialect) father / father's elder or younger brother

see 大夫
裤子褲子kù zi trousers / pants / CL: 條|条
好看hǎo kàn good-looking / nice-looking / good (of a movie, book, TV show etc) / embarrassed / humiliated
underpants / trousers / pants
zhì character / nature / quality / plain / to pawn / pledge / hostage / to question / Taiwan pr. [zhi2]
liáng

liàng
to measure

capacity / quantity / amount / to estimate / abbr. for 量詞|量词, classifier (in Chinese grammar) / measure word
质量質量zhì liàng quality / (physics) mass / CL: 個|个

Body Parts

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
duǒ flower / earlobe / fig. item on both sides / classifier for flowers, clouds etc
jīng eye / eyeball
绿green
ěr ear / handle (archaeology) / and that is all (classical Chinese)
yǎn eye / small hole / crux (of a matter) / CL: 隻|只, 雙|双 / classifier for big hollow things (wells, stoves, pots etc)
耳朵ěr duo ear / CL: 隻|只, 個|个, 對|对 / handle (on a cup)
眼睛yǎn jing eye / CL: 隻|只, 雙|双

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
头发頭髮tóu fa hair (on the head)
liǎn face / CL: 張|张, 個|个
yòu (once) again / also / both... and... / and yet / (used for emphasis) anyway
Hēi

hēi
abbr. for Heilongjiang province 黑龍江|黑龙江

black / dark / sinister / secret / shady / illegal / to hide (sth) away / to vilify / (loanword) to hack (computing)


to send out / to show (one's feeling) / to issue / to develop / to make a bundle of money / classifier for gunshots (rounds)

hair / Taiwan pr. [fa3]

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
嘴巴zuǐ ba mouth / CL: 張|张 / slap in the face / CL: 個|个
鼻子bí zi nose / CL: 個|个, 隻|只
jiǎo foot / leg (of an animal or an object) / base (of an object) / CL: 雙|双, 隻|只 / classifier for kicks
shǒu hand / (formal) to hold / person engaged in certain types of work / person skilled in certain types of work / personal(ly) / convenient / classifier for skill / CL: 雙|双, 隻|只
zuǐ mouth / beak / nozzle / spout (of teapot etc) / CL: 張|张, 個|个
nose


Ba state during Zhou dynasty (in east of modern Sichuan) / abbr. for east Sichuan or Chongqing / surname Ba / abbr. for Palestine or Palestinian / abbr. for Pakistan

to long for / to wish / to cling to / to stick to / sth that sticks / close to / next to / spread open / informal abbr. for bus 巴士 / bar (unit of pressure) / nominalizing suffix on certain nouns, such as 尾巴, tail

Travel

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
yuǎn

yuàn
far / distant / remote / (intensifier in a comparison) by far / much (lower etc)

to distance oneself from (classical)
chī



mythical beast (archaic)

surname Li

to leave / to part from / to be away from / (in giving distances) from / without (sth) / independent of / one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦, symbolizing fire / ☲


surname Lu

road / CL: 條|条 / journey / route / line (bus etc) / sort / kind
走路zǒu lù to walk / to go on foot
jìn near / close to / approximately

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
开车開車kāi chē to drive a car
飞机飛機fēi jī airplane / CL: 架
机场機場jī chǎng airport / airfield / CL: 家, 處|处
fēi to fly
cháng

chǎng
threshing floor / classifier for events and happenings: spell, episode, bout

large place used for a specific purpose / stage / scene (of a play) / classifier for sporting or recreational activities / classifier for number of exams
kào to lean against or on / to stand by the side of / to come near to / to depend on / to trust / to fuck (vulgar) / traditional military costume drama where the performers wear armor (old)
tíng to stop / to halt / to park (a car)

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
火车火車huǒ chē train / CL: 列, 節|节, 班, 趟


de

děi
to obtain / to get / to gain / to catch (a disease) / proper / suitable / proud / contented / to allow / to permit / ready / finished

structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc

to have to / must / ought to / to need to
piào ticket / ballot / banknote / CL: 張|张 / person held for ransom / amateur performance of Chinese opera / classifier for groups, batches, business transactions
机票機票jī piào air ticket / passenger ticket / CL: 張|张
Huǒ

huǒ
surname Huo

fire / urgent / ammunition / fiery or flaming / internal heat (Chinese medicine) / hot (popular) / classifier for military units (old)

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
迟到遲到chí dào to arrive late
ràng to yield / to permit / to let sb do sth / to have sb do sth / to make sb (feel sad etc) / by (indicates the agent in a passive clause, like 被)
shǎng

shàng
see 上聲|上声

on top / upon / above / upper / previous / first (of multiple parts) / to climb / to get onto / to go up / to attend (class or university)
怎么办怎麼辦zěn me bàn what's to be done
Chí

chí
surname Chi

late / delayed / slow
bàn to do / to manage / to handle / to go about / to run / to set up / to deal with

Weather

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Lěng

lěng
surname Leng

cold
qíng clear / fine (weather)
天气天氣tiān qì weather

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


rain / CL: 陣|阵, 場|场

to rain / (of rain, snow etc) to fall / to precipitate / to wet
Xuě

xuě
surname Xue

snow / snowfall / CL: 場|场 / to have the appearance of snow / to wipe away, off or out / to clean
Yīn

yīn
surname Yin

overcast (weather) / cloudy / shady / Yin (the negative principle of Yin and Yang) / negative (electric.) / feminine / moon / implicit / hidden / genitalia
xià down / downwards / below / lower / later / next (week etc) / second (of two parts) / to decline / to go down / to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc) / measure word to show the frequency of an action

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
zhāo

zháo

zhe

zhuó
(chess) move / trick / all right! / (dialect) to add

to touch / to come in contact with / to feel / to be affected by / to catch fire / to burn / (coll.) to fall asleep / (after a verb) hitting the mark / succeeding in

aspect particle indicating action in progress

to wear (clothes) / to contact / to use / to apply
sǎn

sǎn
umbrella / parasol / CL: 把

damask silk / variant of 傘|伞
dài band / belt / girdle / ribbon / tire / area / zone / region / CL: 條|条 / to wear / to carry / to take along / to bear (i.e. to have) / to lead / to bring / to look after / to raise
外面wài miàn outside (also pr. [wai4 mian5] for this sense) / surface / exterior / external appearance

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
可能kě néng might (happen) / possible / probable / possibility / probability / maybe / perhaps / CL: 個|个
guā

guā
to scrape / to blow / to shave / to plunder / to extort

to blow (of the wind)
fēng wind / news / style / custom / manner / CL: 陣|阵, 絲|丝

Lesson - 5
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
如果rú guǒ if / in case / in the event that
jiù at once / right away / only / just (emphasis) / as early as / already / as soon as / then / in that case / as many as / even if / to approach / to move towards / to undertake / to engage in / to suffer / subjected to / to accomplish / to take advantage of / to go with (of foods) / with regard to / concerning
从来從來cóng lái always / at all times / never (if used in negative sentence)
as / as if / such as
里面裡面lǐ miàn inside / interior / also pr. [li3 mian5]

Shopping 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
rán correct / right / so / thus / like this / -ly
dàn but / yet / however / only / merely / still
suī although / even though
duǎn short / brief / to lack / weak point / fault
cháng

zhǎng
length / long / forever / always / constantly

chief / head / elder / to grow / to develop / to increase / to enhance
虽然雖然suī rán although / even though / even if
但是dàn shì but / however

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Hóng

hóng
surname Hong

red / popular / revolutionary / bonus
颜色顏色yán sè color / countenance / appearance / facial expression / pigment / dyestuff
穿chuān to wear / to put on / to dress / to bore through / to pierce / to perforate / to penetrate / to pass through / to thread
Yán

yán
surname Yan

color / face / countenance


shǎi
color / CL: 種|种 / look / appearance / sex

color / dice

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
to wash / to bathe / to develop (photo)
Huáng

huáng
surname Huang or Hwang

yellow / pornographic / to fall through
Bái

bái
surname Bai

white / snowy / pure / bright / empty / blank / plain / clear / to make clear / in vain / gratuitous / free of charge / reactionary / anti-communist / funeral / to stare coldly / to write wrong character / to state / to explain / vernacular / spoken lines in opera
--

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
手表手錶shǒu biǎo wrist watch / CL: 塊|块, 隻|只, 個|个
mài to sell / to betray / to spare no effort / to show off or flaunt
帽子mào zi hat / cap / (fig.) label / bad name / CL: 頂|顶
mào hat / cap
biǎo

biǎo
exterior surface / family relationship via females / to show (one's opinion) / a model / a table (listing information) / a form / a meter (measuring sth)

wrist or pocket watch
purple / violet / amethyst / Lithospermum erythrorhizon (flowering plant whose root provides red purple dye) / Japanese: murasaki

People 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Shào

shào
surname Shao

to continue / to carry on
jiè to introduce / to lie between / between / shell / armor
介绍介紹jiè shào to introduce (sb to sb) / to give a presentation / to present (sb for a job etc) / introduction
Shuài

shuài
surname Shuai

handsome / graceful / smart / commander in chief / (coll.) cool! / sweet!

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
xiào laugh / smile / CL: 個|个
说话說話shuō huà to speak / to say / to talk / to gossip / to tell stories / talk / word
huà dialect / language / spoken words / speech / talk / words / conversation / what sb said / CL: 種|种, 席, 句, 口, 番

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
聪明聰明cōng ming intelligent / clever / bright / smart / acute (of sight and hearing)
别人別人bié ren other people / others / other person
不但bù dàn not only (... but also...)
而且ér qiě (not only ...) but also / moreover / in addition / furthermore
cōng quick at hearing / wise / clever / sharp-witted / intelligent / acute
ér and / as well as / and so / but (not) / yet (not) / (indicates causal relation) / (indicates change of state) / (indicates contrast)
qiě and / moreover / yet / for the time being / to be about to / both (... and...)

Celebration

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Chūn

chūn
surname Chun

spring (season) / gay / joyful / youthful / love / lust / life


Yuè



yuè
surname Le

surname Yue

happy / cheerful / to laugh

music
快乐快樂kuài lè happy / merry
节日節日jié rì holiday / festival / CL: 個|个
春节春節Chūn jié Spring Festival (Chinese New Year)

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
礼物禮物lǐ wù gift / present / CL: 件, 個|个, 份
sòng to deliver / to carry / to give (as a present) / to present (with) / to see off / to send
新年xīn nián New Year / CL: 個|个
píng bottle / vase / pitcher / CL: 個|个 / classifier for wine and liquids
白酒bái jiǔ baijiu, a spirit usually distilled from sorghum


surname Li / abbr. for 禮記|礼记, Classic of Rites

gift / rite / ceremony / CL: 份 / propriety / etiquette / courtesy
thing / object / matter / abbr. for physics 物理
Guò

guò

guo
surname Guo

to cross / to go over / to pass (time) / to celebrate (a holiday) / to live / to get along / excessively / too-

(experienced action marker)

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
干杯乾杯gān bēi to drink a toast / Cheers! (proposing a toast) / Here's to you! / Bottoms up! / lit. dry cup
Zhù

zhù
surname Zhu

to wish / to express good wishes / to pray / (old) wizard
法国法國Fǎ guó France / French
红酒hóng jiǔRed wine
Gān

gān

gān

gàn
surname Gan

dry / clean / in vain / dried food / foster / adoptive / to ignore

to concern / to interfere / shield / stem

tree trunk / main part of sth / to manage / to work / to do / capable / cadre / to kill (slang) / to fuck (vulgar)


France / French / abbr. for 法國|法国 / Taiwan pr. [Fa4]

law / method / way / Buddhist teaching / Legalist

Sports 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
sài to compete / competition / match / to surpass / better than / superior to / to excel
liàn to practice / to train / to drill / to perfect (one's skill) / exercise
练习練習liàn xí to practice / exercise / drill / practice / CL: 個|个
比赛比賽bǐ sài competition (sports etc) / match / CL: 場|场, 次 / to compete
好在hǎo zài luckily / fortunately
乒乓球pīng pāng qiú table tennis / ping-pong / table tennis ball / CL: 個|个
pīng (onom.) ping / bing
pāng (onom.) bang

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
参加參加cān jiā to participate / to take part / to join
(prefix indicating ordinal number, e.g. first, number two etc) / order / (old) rank in the imperial examinations / mansion / (literary) but / just
cān

shēn
to take part in / to participate / to join / to attend / to counsel / unequal / varied / irregular / uneven / not uniform / abbr. for 參議院|参议院 Senate, Upper House

ginseng / one of the 28 constellations
网球網球wǎng qiú tennis / tennis ball / CL: 個|个
排球pái qiú volleyball / CL: 個|个
加油jiā yóu to add oil / to top up with gas / to refuel / to accelerate / to step on the gas / (fig.) to make an extra effort / to cheer sb on
pái a row / a line / to set in order / to arrange / to line up / to eliminate / to drain / to push open / platoon / raft / classifier for lines, rows etc
yóu oil / fat / grease / petroleum / to apply tung oil, paint or varnish / oily / greasy / glib / cunning

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
shū to lose / to transport / to donate / to enter (a password)
yíng to beat / to win / to profit
失望shī wàng disappointed / to lose hope / to despair
信心xìn xīn confidence / faith (in sb or sth) / CL: 個|个
shī to lose / to miss / to fail
xìn letter / mail / CL: 封 / to trust / to believe / to profess faith in / truthful / confidence / trust / at will / at random
xīn heart / mind / intention / center / core / CL: 顆|颗, 個|个

School

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
tóng

tóng

tòng
(used in given names) / variant of 同

like / same / similar / together / alike / with

see 衚衕|胡同
subject / course / CL: 門|门 / class / lesson / CL: 堂, 節|节 / to levy / tax / form of divination
Shì

shì
surname Shi

room / work unit / grave / scabbard / family or clan / one of the 28 constellations of Chinese astronomy
Jiào

jiāo

jiào
surname Jiao

to teach

religion / teaching / to make / to cause / to tell
教室jiào shì classroom / CL: 間|间
同学同學tóng xué to study at the same school / fellow student / classmate / CL: 位, 個|个
地理dì lǐ geography
texture / grain (of wood) / inner essence / intrinsic order / reason / logic / truth / science / natural science (esp. physics) / to manage / to pay attention to / to run (affairs) / to handle / to put in order / to tidy up

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
dǒng to understand / to comprehend
问题問題wèn tí question / problem / issue / topic / CL: 個|个
pen / pencil / writing brush / to write or compose / the strokes of Chinese characters / classifier for sums of money, deals / CL: 支, 枝


surname Ti

topic / problem for discussion / exam question / subject / to inscribe / to mention / CL: 個|个, 道
美术美術měi shù art / fine arts / painting / CL: 種|种
shù

zhú
method / technique

various genera of flowers of Asteracea family (daisies and chrysanthemums), including Atractylis lancea
shǎng

shàng
see 上聲|上声

on top / upon / above / upper / previous / first (of multiple parts) / to climb / to get onto / to go up / to attend (class or university)

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
考试考試kǎo shì to take an exam / exam / CL: 次


surname Ti

topic / problem for discussion / exam question / subject / to inscribe / to mention / CL: 個|个, 道
准备準備zhǔn bèi preparation / to prepare / to intend / to be about to / reserve (fund)
kǎo

kǎo
to beat / to hit / variant of 考 / to inspect / to test / to take an exam

to check / to verify / to test / to examine / to take an exam / to take an entrance exam for / deceased father
zhǔn

zhǔn
to allow / to grant / in accordance with / in the light of

accurate / standard / definitely / certainly / about to become (bride, son-in-law etc) / quasi- / para-
bèi to prepare / get ready / to provide or equip
科学科學kē xué science / scientific knowledge / scientific / rational / CL: 門|门, 個|个, 種|种
branch of study / administrative section / division / field / branch / stage directions / family (taxonomy) / rules / laws / to mete out (punishment) / to levy (taxes etc) / to fine sb / CL: 個|个
下课下課xià kè to finish class / to get out of class

Family 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
爷爷爺爺yé ye (coll.) father's father / paternal grandfather / CL: 個|个
奶奶nǎi nai (informal) grandma (paternal grandmother) / (respectful) mistress of the house / CL: 位 / (coll.) boobies / breasts
阿姨ā yí maternal aunt / step-mother / childcare worker / nursemaid / woman of similar age to one's parents (term of address used by child) / CL: 個|个
grandpa / old gentleman
Ā

ā

ē
abbr. for Afghanistan 阿富汗

prefix used before monosyllabic names, kinship terms etc to indicate familiarity / used in transliteration / also pr. [a4]

flatter
mother's sister / aunt

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
兄弟姐妹xiōng dì jiě mèiBrothers and Sisters
关系關係guān xi relation / relationship / to concern / to affect / to have to do with / guanxi / CL: 個|个
叔叔shū shu father's younger brother / uncle / Taiwan pr. [shu2 shu5] / CL: 個|个
父母fù mǔ father and mother / parents
xiōng elder brother
shū uncle / father's younger brother / husband's younger brother / Taiwan pr. [shu2]
father
mother / elderly female relative / origin / source / (of animals) female

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
xiàng to resemble / to be like / to look as if / such as / appearance / image / portrait / image under a mapping (math.)
一样一樣yī yàng same / like / equal to / the same as / just like
亲戚親戚qīn qi a relative (i.e. family relation) / CL: 門|门, 個|个, 位


surname Qi

relative / parent / grief / sorrow / battle-axe
qīn

qìng
parent / one's own (flesh and blood) / relative / related / marriage / bride / close / intimate / in person / first-hand / in favor of / pro- / to kiss / (Internet slang) dear

parents-in-law of one's offspring

Gourmet 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
拉面拉麵lā miàn pulled noodles / ramen
点心點心diǎn xin light refreshments / pastry / dimsum (in Cantonese cooking) / dessert
小笼包小籠包xiǎo lóng bāo steamed dumpling
to pull / to play (a bowed instrument) / to drag / to draw / to chat
lóng

lǒng
enclosing frame made of bamboo, wire etc / cage / basket / steamer basket / to cover / to cage / to embrace / to manipulate through trickery

to cover / to cage / covering / also pr. [long2]

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


zhōu
see 葷粥|荤粥

congee / gruel / porridge / CL: 碗
油条油條yóu tiáo youtiao (deep-fried breadstick) / CL: 根 / slick and sly person
豆浆豆漿dòu jiāng soy milk
yóu oil / fat / grease / petroleum / to apply tung oil, paint or varnish / oily / greasy / glib / cunning
dòu bean / pea / CL: 棵, 粒 / sacrificial vessel
漿jiāng

jiàng
broth / serum / to starch

starch paste

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
火锅火鍋huǒ guō hotpot
包子bāo zi steamed stuffed bun / CL: 個|个
炒饭炒飯chǎo fàn fried rice / (slang) (Tw) to have sex
guō pot / pan / boiler / CL: 口, 隻|只
chǎo to sauté / to stir-fry / to speculate / to hype / to fire (sb)

Time 4

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Xià

xià
the Xia or Hsia dynasty c. 2000 BC / Xia of the Sixteen Kingdoms (407-432) / surname Xia

summer
dōng

Dōng

dōng
winter

surname Dong

(onom.) beating a drum / rat-a-tat
Qiū

qiū

qiū
surname Qiu

autumn / fall / harvest time

see 鞦韆|秋千
Chūn

chūn
surname Chun

spring (season) / gay / joyful / youthful / love / lust / life
Hòu

hòu

hòu
surname Hou

empress / queen

back / behind / rear / afterwards / after / later
qián front / forward / ahead / first / top (followed by a number) / future / ago / before / BC (e.g. 前293年) / former / formerly

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


surname Ji

season / the last month of a season / fourth or youngest amongst brothers / classifier for seasonal crop yields
Ào

ào
abbr. for Macao 澳門|澳门 / abbr. for Australia 澳大利亞|澳大利亚

deep bay / cove / harbor
Asia / Asian / second / next to / inferior / sub- / Taiwan pr. [ya3]
季节季節jì jié time / season / period / CL: 個|个
澳大利亚澳大利亞Ào dà lì yà Australia
越来越越來越yuè lái yuè more and more
前天qián tiān the day before yesterday
后天後天hòu tiān the day after tomorrow / acquired (not innate) / a posteriori

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
堵车堵車dǔ chē traffic jam / choking
大概dà gài roughly / probably / rough / approximate / about / general idea
准时準時zhǔn shí on time / punctual / on schedule
gāng hard / firm / strong / just / barely / exactly
to stop up / (to feel) stifled or suffocated / wall / classifier for walls
gài general / approximate

Location 5

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
chéng city walls / city / town / CL: 座, 道, 個|个
shì market / city / CL: 個|个
to add / to attach / to be close to / to be attached
Yuán

yuán
surname Yuan

land used for growing plants / site used for public recreation
城市chéng shì city / town / CL: 座
附近fù jìn (in the) vicinity / nearby / neighboring / next to
公园公園gōng yuán park (for public recreation) / CL: 個|个, 座

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
diagram / picture / drawing / chart / map / CL: 張|张 / to plan / to scheme / to attempt / to pursue / to seek
guǎn building / shop / term for certain service establishments / embassy or consulate / schoolroom (old) / CL: 家
Fāng

fāng
surname Fang

square / power or involution (mathematics) / upright / honest / fair and square / direction / side / party (to a contract, dispute etc) / place / method / prescription (medicine) / just when / only or just / classifier for square things / abbr. for square or cubic meter
中间中間zhōng jiān between / intermediate / mid / middle
图书馆圖書館tú shū guǎn library / CL: 家, 個|个
地方dì fāng

dì fang
region / regional (away from the central administration) / local

area / place / space / room / territory / CL: 處|处, 個|个, 塊|块
上面shàng miàn on top of / above-mentioned / also pr. [shang4 mian5]
下面xià miàn

xià miàn
below / under / next / the following / also pr. [xia4 mian5]

to boil noodles
咖啡馆咖啡館kā fēi guǎn café / coffee shop / CL: 家

Shopping 4

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
shé

zhē

zhé
to break (e.g. stick or bone) / a loss

to turn sth over / to turn upside down / to tip sth out (of a container)

to break / to fracture / to snap / to suffer loss / to bend / to twist / to turn / to change direction / convinced / to convert into (currency) / discount / rebate / tenth (in price) / classifier for theatrical scenes / to fold / accounts book
Jué

jiǎo

jué
surname Jue

angle / corner / horn / horn-shaped / unit of money equal to 0.1 yuan / CL: 個|个

role (theater) / to compete / ancient three legged wine vessel / third note of pentatonic scale
Huā

huā
surname Hua

flower / blossom / CL: 朵, 支, 束, 把, 盆, 簇 / fancy pattern / florid / to spend (money, time)
打折dǎ zhé to give a discount

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
jiù old / opposite: new 新 / former / worn (with age)


surname Pi

leather / skin / fur / CL: 張|张 / pico- (one trillionth) / naughty
huàn to exchange / to change (clothes etc) / to substitute / to switch / to convert (currency)
Jīng

jīng
surname Jing

classics / sacred book / scripture / to pass through / to undergo / to bear / to endure / warp (textile) / longitude / menstruation / channel (TCM) / abbr. for economics 經濟|经济
皮鞋pí xié leather shoes
经过經過jīng guò to pass / to go through / process / course / CL: 個|个

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
退货退貨tuì huò to return merchandise / to withdraw a product
退款tuì kuǎn to refund / refund
退tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw
huò goods / money / commodity / CL: 個|个
kuǎn section / paragraph / funds / CL: 筆|笔, 個|个 / classifier for versions or models (of a product)
袋子dài zi bag

Daily Routine 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
guàn accustomed to / used to / indulge / to spoil (a child)
shuā

shuà
to brush / to paint / to daub / to paste up / to skip class (of students) / to fire from a job

to select
tooth / ivory / CL: 顆|颗
习惯習慣xí guàn habit / custom / usual practice / to be used to / CL: 個|个
刷牙shuā yá to brush one's teeth
马上馬上mǎ shàng at once / right away / immediately / on horseback (i.e. by military force)
以后以後yǐ hòu after / later / afterwards / following / later on / in the future

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
zǎo bath
zǒng always / to assemble / gather / total / overall / head / chief / general / in every case
洗澡xǐ zǎo to bathe / to take a shower
一边一邊yī biān one side / either side / on the one hand / on the other hand / doing while
总是總是zǒng shì always

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
jiǎng to speak / to explain / to negotiate / to emphasise / to be particular about / as far as sth is concerned / speech / lecture
happening / instance / reason / cause / intentional / former / old / friend / therefore / hence / (of people) to die, dead
故事gù shì

gù shi
old practice / CL: 個|个

narrative / story / tale
以前yǐ qián before / formerly / previous / ago
做梦做夢zuò mèng to dream / to have a dream / fig. illusion / fantasy / pipe dream
mèng dream / CL: 場|场, 個|个

Food 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
chú to get rid of / to remove / to exclude / to eliminate / to wipe out / to divide / except / not including
his / her / its / their / that / such / it (refers to sth preceding it)
jiǎo dumplings with meat filling
北方běi fāng north / the northern part a country / China north of the Yellow River
除了chú le besides / apart from (... also...) / in addition to / except (for)
其他qí tā other / (sth or sb) else / the rest
饺子餃子jiǎo zi dumpling / pot-sticker / CL: 個|个, 隻|只

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
hot (spicy) / pungent
extremely / pole (geography, physics) / utmost / top
bitter / hardship / pain / to suffer / to bring suffering to / painstakingly
yán salt / CL: 粒

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Xián

xián

xián
surname Xian

all / everyone / each / widespread / harmonious

salted / salty / stingy / miserly
Nán

nán
surname Nan

south
tián sweet
南方nán fāng south / the southern part of the country / the South
难吃難吃nán chī unpalatable

People 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
cháng

zhǎng
length / long / forever / always / constantly

chief / head / elder / to grow / to develop / to increase / to enhance
level / grade / rank / step (of stairs) / CL: 個|个 / classifier: step, level
个子個子gè zi height / stature / build / size
年级年級nián jí grade / year (in school, college etc) / CL: 個|个
小学小學xiǎo xué elementary school / primary school / CL: 個|个
初中chū zhōng junior high school / abbr. for 初級中學|初级中学
chū at first / (at the) beginning / first / junior / basic

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
qīng light / easy / gentle / soft / reckless / unimportant / frivolous / small in number / unstressed / neutral / to disparage
jiào to compare / to dispute / compared to / (before adj.) relatively / comparatively / rather / also pr. [jiao3]
年轻年輕nián qīng young
lǎo prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity / old (of people) / venerable (person) / experienced / of long standing / always / all the time / of the past / very / outdated / (of meat etc) tough
比较比較bǐ jiào to compare / to contrast / comparatively / relatively / quite / comparison
眼镜眼鏡yǎn jìng spectacles / eyeglasses / CL: 副
Dài

dài
surname Dai

to put on or wear (glasses, hat, gloves etc) / to respect / to bear / to support
jìng mirror / lens

Location 6

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
xiān early / prior / former / in advance / first
然后然後rán hòu after / then (afterwards) / after that / afterwards
西边西邊xī biān west / west side / western part / to the west of
东边東邊dōng bian east / east side / eastern part / to the east of
qián front / forward / ahead / first / top (followed by a number) / future / ago / before / BC (e.g. 前293年) / former / formerly
Zuǒ

zuǒ
surname Zuo

left / the Left (politics) / east / unorthodox / queer / wrong / differing / opposite / variant of 佐

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
北边北邊běi biān north / north side / northern part / to the north of
一直yī zhí straight (in a straight line) / continuously / always / from the beginning of ... up to ... / all along
最后最後zuì hòu final / last / finally / ultimate
南边南邊nán bian south / south side / southern part / to the south of
Zhí

zhí
surname Zhi / Zhi (c. 2000 BC), fifth of the legendary Flame Emperors 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God

straight / to straighten / fair and reasonable / frank / straightforward / (indicates continuing motion or action) / vertical / vertical downward stroke in Chinese characters
yòu right (-hand) / the Right (politics) / west (old)
Hòu

hòu

hòu
surname Hou

empress / queen

back / behind / rear / afterwards / after / later

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
迷路mí lù to lose the way / lost / labyrinth / labyrinthus vestibularis (of the inner ear)
地址dì zhǐ address / CL: 個|个
周围周圍zhōu wéi surroundings / environment / to encompass
to bewilder / crazy about / fan / enthusiast / lost / confused
zhǐ location / site
Wéi

wéi
surname Wei

to encircle / to surround / all around / to wear by wrapping around (scarf, shawl)

Daily Routine 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
bān

pán
sort / kind / class / way / manner

see 般樂|般乐
liáo to chat / to depend upon (literary) / temporarily / just / slightly
聊天liáo tiān to chat / to gossip
一般yī bān same / ordinary / so-so / common / general / generally / in general
见面見面jiàn miàn to meet / to see each other / CL: 次

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
自己zì jǐ oneself / one's own
一个人一個人yī gè rén by oneself (without assistance) / alone (without company)
self / oneself / from / since / naturally / surely
self / oneself / sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / sixth in order / letter "F" or roman "VI" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / hexa

Travel 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
zhèng

zhèng
to admonish / variant of 證|证

certificate / proof / to prove / to demonstrate / to confirm / variant of 症
qiān

qiān
to sign one's name / visa / variant of 籤|签

inscribed bamboo stick (used in divination, gambling, drawing lots etc) / small wood sliver / label / tag
zhào according to / in accordance with / to shine / to illuminate / to reflect / to look at (one's reflection) / to take (a photo) / photo / as requested / as before
to protect
护照護照hù zhào passport / CL: 本, 個|个
签证簽證qiān zhèng visa / certificate / to certify / CL: 個|个

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
发现發現fā xiàn to find / to discover
起飞起飛qǐ fēi (of an aircraft) to take off
离开離開lí kāi to depart / to leave


to send out / to show (one's feeling) / to issue / to develop / to make a bundle of money / classifier for gunshots (rounds)

hair / Taiwan pr. [fa3]

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
检查檢查jiǎn chá inspection / to examine / to inspect / CL: 次
行李xíng li luggage / CL: 件
安全ān quán safe / secure / safety / security
jiǎn to check / to examine / to inspect / to exercise restraint
Zhā

chá

zhā
surname Zha

to research / to check / to investigate / to examine / to refer to / to look up (e.g. a word in a dictionary)

see 山查

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
几乎幾乎jī hū almost / nearly / practically
忘记忘記wàng jì to forget
海关海關hǎi guān customs (i.e. border crossing inspection) / CL: 個|个
wàng to forget / to overlook / to neglect
to record / to note / to memorize / to remember / mark / sign / classifier for blows, kicks, shots




small table

almost

how much / how many / several / a few
(classical particle similar to 於|于) in / at / from / because / than / (classical final particle similar to 嗎|吗, 吧, 呢, expressing question, doubt or astonishment)

Languages 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
yán words / speech / to say / to talk


surname Yi / abbr. for 易經|易经, the Book of Changes

easy / amiable / to change / to exchange
Róng

róng
surname Rong

to hold / to contain / to allow / to tolerate / appearance / look / countenance
zhǒng

zhòng
seed / species / kind / type / classifier for types, kinds, sorts

to plant / to grow / to cultivate
容易róng yì easy / likely / liable (to)
jiǔ (long) time / (long) duration of time
语言語言yǔ yán language / CL: 門|门, 種|种
xué to learn / to study / to imitate / science / -ology

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
gēng

gèng
to change or replace / to experience / one of the five two-hour periods into which the night was formerly divided / watch (e.g. of a sentry or guard)

more / even more / further / still / still more
努力nǔ lì great effort / to strive / to try hard
汉字漢字hàn zì Chinese character / CL: 個|个 / Japanese: kanji / Korean: hanja / Vietnamese: hán tự
to exert / to strive


surname Li

power / force / strength / ability / strenuously

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
提高tí gāo to raise / to increase / to improve
水平shuǐ píng level (of achievement etc) / standard / horizontal
后来後來hòu lái afterwards / later
kǎo

kǎo
to beat / to hit / variant of 考 / to inspect / to test / to take an exam

to check / to verify / to test / to examine / to take an exam / to take an entrance exam for / deceased father
to carry (hanging down from the hand) / to lift / to put forward / to mention / to raise (an issue) / upwards character stroke / lifting brush stroke (in painting) / scoop for measuring liquid
Píng

píng
surname Ping

flat / level / equal / to tie (make the same score) / to draw (score) / calm / peaceful / see also 平聲|平声

Personality and Feelings

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
看起来看起來kàn qǐ lai seemingly / apparently / looks as if / appear to be / gives the impression that / seems on the face of it to be
奇怪qí guài strange / odd / to marvel / to be baffled
生气生氣shēng qì to get angry / to take offense / angry / vitality / liveliness
紧张緊張jǐn zhāng nervous / keyed up / intense / tense / strained / in short supply / scarce / CL: 陣|阵


odd (number)

strange / odd / weird / wonderful / surprisingly / unusually
guài bewildering / odd / strange / uncanny / devil / monster / to wonder at / to blame / quite / rather
jǐn tight / strict / close at hand / near / urgent / tense / hard up / short of money / to tighten

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
难过難過nán guò to feel sad / to feel unwell / (of life) to be difficult
de

-ly / structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct

earth / ground / field / place / land / CL: 片
xiǎng to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss (feel wistful about the absence of sb or sth)
to cry / to weep
可怕kě pà awful / dreadful / fearful / formidable / frightful / scary / hideous / horrible / terrible / terribly

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
热情熱情rè qíng cordial / enthusiastic / passion / passionate / passionately
关心關心guān xīn to be concerned about / to care about
经常經常jīng cháng frequently / constantly / regularly / often / day-to-day / everyday / daily
遇到yù dào to meet / to run into / to come across
好笑hǎo xiào laughable / funny / ridiculous


surname Yu

to meet / to encounter / to treat / to receive / opportunity / chance

School 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
qiú to seek / to look for / to request / to demand / to beseech
Jiào

jiāo

jiào
surname Jiao

to teach

religion / teaching / to make / to cause / to tell
Bān

bān
surname Ban

team / class / squad / work shift / ranking / CL: 個|个 / classifier for groups
校长校長xiào zhǎng (college, university) president / headmaster / CL: 個|个, 位, 名
要求yāo qiú to request / to require / requirement / to stake a claim / to ask / to demand / CL: 點|点
食堂shí táng dining hall / CL: 個|个, 間|间
shí

to eat / food / animal feed / eclipse

to feed
táng (main) hall / large room for a specific purpose / CL: 間|间 / relationship between cousins etc on the paternal side of a family / of the same clan / classifier for classes, lectures etc / classifier for sets of furniture

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
必须必須bì xū to have to / must / compulsory / necessarily
完成wán chéng to complete / to accomplish
作业作業zuò yè school assignment / homework / work / task / operation / CL: 個|个 / to operate
高中gāo zhōng

gāo zhòng
senior high school / abbr. for 高級中學|高级中学

to pass brilliantly (used in congratulatory fashion)
certainly / must / will / necessarily
Chéng

chéng
surname Cheng

to succeed / to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to become / to turn into / to be all right / OK! / one tenth


must / to have to / to wait

beard / mustache / feeler (of an insect etc) / tassel


surname Ye

line of business / industry / occupation / job / employment / school studies / enterprise / property / (Buddhism) karma / deed / to engage in / already

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Xiàng

xiàng

xiàng
surname Xiang

towards / to face / to turn towards / direction / to support / to side with / shortly before / formerly / always / all along

to tend toward / to guide / variant of 向
jiè to lend / to borrow / by means of / to take (an opportunity)
笔记筆記bǐ jì to take down (in writing) / notes / a type of literature consisting mainly of short sketches / CL: 本
铅笔鉛筆qiān bǐ (lead) pencil / CL: 支, 枝, 桿|杆
qiān lead (chemistry)
zhǐ paper / CL: 張|张, 沓 / classifier for documents, letter etc

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
清楚qīng chu clear / distinct / to understand thoroughly / to be clear about
黑板hēi bǎn blackboard / CL: 塊|块, 個|个
笔记本筆記本bǐ jì běn notebook (stationery) / CL: 本 / notebook (computing)
Qīng

qīng
Qing or Ch'ing dynasty of Imperial China (1644-1911) / surname Qing

clear / distinct / quiet / just and honest / pure / to settle or clear up / to clean up or purge
Chǔ

chǔ
surname Chu / abbr. for Hubei 湖北省 and Hunan 湖南省 provinces together / Chinese kingdom during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods (722-221 BC)

distinct / clear / orderly / pain / suffering / deciduous bush used in Chinese medicine (genus Vitex) / punishment cane (old)
bǎn

bǎn

pàn
board / plank / plate / shutter / table tennis bat / clappers (music) / CL: 塊|块 / accented beat in Chinese music / hard / stiff / to stop smiling or look serious

see 老闆|老板, boss

to catch sight of in a doorway (old)
体育馆體育館tǐ yù guǎn gym / gymnasium / stadium / CL: 個|个

Future

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
huà to make into / to change into / -ization / to ... -ize / to transform / abbr. for 化學|化学
suàn to regard as / to figure / to calculate / to compute
bān to move (i.e. relocate oneself) / to move (sth relatively heavy or bulky) / to shift / to copy indiscriminately
biàn to change / to become different / to transform / to vary / rebellion
打算dǎ suàn to plan / to intend / to calculate / plan / intention / calculation / CL: 個|个
变化變化biàn huà change / variation / to change / to vary / CL: 個|个
机会機會jī huì opportunity / chance / occasion / CL: 個|个

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
留学留學liú xué to study abroad
国家國家guó jiā country / nation / state / CL: 個|个
选择選擇xuǎn zé to select / to pick / choice / option / alternative
xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select / to elect
to select / to choose / to pick over / to pick out / to differentiate / to eliminate / also pr. [zhai2]

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
结婚結婚jié hūn to marry / to get married / CL: 次
愿意願意yuàn yì to wish / to want / ready / willing (to do sth)
认真認真rèn zhēn conscientious / earnest / serious / to take seriously / to take to heart
jiē

jié
(of a plant) to produce (fruit or seeds) / Taiwan pr. [jie2]

knot / sturdy / bond / to tie / to bind / to check out (of a hotel)
yuàn

yuàn
honest / prudent / variant of 願|愿

to hope / to wish / to desire / hoped-for / ready / willing
hūn to marry / marriage / wedding / to take a wife

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
当然當然dāng rán only natural / as it should be / certainly / of course / without doubt
放心fàng xīn to feel relieved / to feel reassured / to be at ease
害怕hài pà to be afraid / to be scared
dāng

dāng

dàng
(onom.) dong / ding dong (bell)

to be / to act as / manage / withstand / when / during / ought / should / match equally / equal / same / obstruct / just at (a time or place) / on the spot / right / just at

at or in the very same... / suitable / adequate / fitting / proper / to replace / to regard as / to think / to pawn / (coll.) to fail (a student)
hài to do harm to / to cause trouble to / harm / evil / calamity


surname Pa

to be afraid / to fear / to dread / to be unable to endure / perhaps
分手fēn shǒu to part company / to split up / to break up

Environment

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
jìng border / place / condition / boundary / circumstances / territory
Huán

huán
surname Huan

ring / hoop / loop / (chain) link / classifier for scores in archery etc / to surround / to encircle / to hem in
céng layer / stratum / laminated / floor (of a building) / storey / classifier for layers / repeated / sheaf (math.)
方便fāng biàn convenient / suitable / to facilitate / to make things easy / having money to spare / (euphemism) to relieve oneself
环境環境huán jìng environment / circumstances / surroundings / CL: 個|个 / ambient

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Huā

huā
surname Hua

flower / blossom / CL: 朵, 支, 束, 把, 盆, 簇 / fancy pattern / florid / to spend (money, time)
cǎo grass / straw / manuscript / draft (of a document) / careless / rough / CL: 棵, 撮, 株, 根
太阳太陽tài yang sun / CL: 個|个 / abbr. for 太陽穴|太阳穴
星星xīng xing star in the sky
yáng positive (electric.) / sun / male principle (Taoism) / Yang, opposite: 陰|阴 ☯

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
安静安靜ān jìng quiet / peaceful / calm
Lóu

lóu
surname Lou

house with more than 1 story / storied building / floor / CL: 層|层, 座, 棟|栋
shǎng

shàng
see 上聲|上声

on top / upon / above / upper / previous / first (of multiple parts) / to climb / to get onto / to go up / to attend (class or university)
lái to come / to arrive / to come round / ever since / next
to go / to go to (a place) / (of a time etc) last / just passed / to send / to remove / to get rid of / to reduce / to be apart from in space or time / to die (euphemism) / to play (a part) / (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do sth / (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker) / (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation)
jìng still / calm / quiet / not moving

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
声音聲音shēng yīn voice / sound / CL: 個|个
影响影響yǐng xiǎng influence / effect / to influence / to affect (usually adversely) / to disturb / CL: 股
邻居鄰居lín jū neighbor / next door / CL: 個|个
xià down / downwards / below / lower / later / next (week etc) / second (of two parts) / to decline / to go down / to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc) / measure word to show the frequency of an action
shēng sound / voice / tone / noise / classifier for sounds
lín neighbor / adjacent / close to
xiǎng echo / sound / noise / to make a sound / to sound / to ring / loud / classifier for noises




surname Ju

(archaic) sentence-final particle expressing a doubting attitude

to reside / to be (in a certain position) / to store up / to be at a standstill / residence / house / restaurant / classifier for bedrooms

Lesson - 5
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
垃圾lā jī trash / refuse / garbage / (coll.) of poor quality / Taiwan pr. [le4 se4]
tǒng bucket / (trash) can / barrel (of oil etc) / CL: 個|个, 隻|只
diū to lose / to put aside / to throw
zàng

zāng
viscera / (anatomy) organ

dirty / filthy
see 垃圾 / Taiwan pr. [le4]
see 垃圾 / Taiwan pr. [se4]

Work

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
先生Xiān sheng

xiān sheng
Mister (Mr.)

teacher / husband / doctor (dialect) / CL: 位
小姐xiǎo jie young lady / miss / (slang) prostitute / CL: 個|个, 位
经理經理jīng lǐ manager / director / CL: 個|个, 位, 名
同事tóng shì colleague / co-worker / CL: 個|个, 位

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
突然tū rán sudden / abrupt / unexpected
重要zhòng yào important / significant / major
会议會議huì yì meeting / conference / CL: 場|场, 屆|届
to dash / to move forward quickly / to bulge / to protrude / to break through / to rush out / sudden / Taiwan pr. [tu2]
chóng

zhòng
to repeat / repetition / again / re- / classifier: layer

heavy / serious / to attach importance to
to comment on / to discuss / to suggest
wàng to forget / to overlook / to neglect

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
解决解決jiě jué to settle (a dispute) / to resolve / to solve / to dispose of / to dispatch
办法辦法bàn fǎ means / method / way (of doing sth) / CL: 條|条, 個|个
相信xiāng xìn to be convinced (that sth is true) / to believe / to accept sth as true
jué to decide / to determine / to execute (sb) / (of a dam etc) to breach or burst / definitely / certainly


France / French / abbr. for 法國|法国 / Taiwan pr. [Fa4]

law / method / way / Buddhist teaching / Legalist
Xiāng

xiāng

xiàng
surname Xiang

each other / one another / mutually

appearance / portrait / picture / government minister / (physics) phase / (literary) to appraise (esp. by scrutinizing physical features) / to read sb's fortune (by physiognomy, palmistry etc)
Xiè

jiě

jiè

xiè
surname Xie

to divide / to break up / to split / to separate / to dissolve / to solve / to melt / to remove / to untie / to loosen / to open / to emancipate / to explain / to understand / to know / a solution / a dissection

to transport under guard

acrobatic display (esp. on horseback) (old) / variant of 懈 and 邂 (old)

Culture

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
jiè boundary / scope / extent / circles / group / kingdom (taxonomy)
river / CL: 條|条, 道
Shì

shì
surname Shi

life / age / generation / era / world / lifetime / epoch / descendant / noble
黄河黃河Huáng Hé Yellow River or Huang He
动物動物dòng wù animal / CL: 隻|只, 群, 個|个
有名yǒu míng famous / well-known
世界shì jiè world / CL: 個|个
长江長江Cháng Jiāng Yangtze River, or Chang Jiang
Jiāng

jiāng
surname Jiang

river / CL: 條|条, 道

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
多么多麼duō me how (wonderful etc) / what (a great idea etc) / however (difficult it may be etc) / (in interrogative sentences) how (much etc) / to what extent
熊猫熊貓xióng māo panda / CL: 隻|只
西安Xī ān Xi'an, sub-provincial city and capital of Shaanxi 陝西省|陕西省 in northwest China / see 西安區|西安区
ā

á

ǎ

à

a
interjection of surprise / Ah! / Oh!

interjection expressing doubt or requiring answer / Eh? / what?

interjection of surprise or doubt / Eh? / My! / what's up?

interjection or grunt of agreement / uhm / Ah, OK / expression of recognition / Oh, it's you!

modal particle ending sentence, showing affirmation, approval, or consent
Xióng

xióng
surname Xiong

bear / to scold / to rebuke / brilliant light / to shine brightly
长城長城Cháng chéng the Great Wall
故宫故宮Gù gōng

gù gōng
the Forbidden City / abbr. for 故宮博物院|故宫博物院

former imperial palace
Gōng

gōng
surname Gong

palace / temple / castration (as corporal punishment) / first note in pentatonic scale

Hobbies 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Shān

shān
surname Shan

mountain / hill / anything that resembles a mountain / CL: 座 / bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons / gable
zhě (after a verb or adjective) one who (is) ... / (after a noun) person involved in ... / -er / -ist / (used after a number or 後|后 or 前 to refer to sth mentioned previously) / (used after a term, to mark a pause before defining the term) / (old) (used at the end of a command) / (old) this
to crawl / to climb / to get up or sit up
huò maybe / perhaps / might / possibly / or
自行车自行車zì xíng chē bicycle / bike / CL: 輛|辆
或者huò zhě or / possibly / maybe / perhaps
爬山pá shān to climb a mountain / to mountaineer / hiking / mountaineering
功夫gōng fu skill / art / kung fu / labor / effort
gōng meritorious deed or service / achievement / result / service / accomplishment / work (physics)

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
duì right / correct / couple / pair / towards / at / for / to face / opposite / to treat (sb a certain way) / to match together / to adjust / to fit / to suit / to answer / to reply / classifier: couple
文化wén huà culture / civilization / cultural / CL: 個|个, 種|种
历史歷史lì shǐ history / CL: 門|门, 段
兴趣興趣xìng qù interest (desire to know about sth) / interest (thing in which one is interested) / hobby / CL: 個|个
感兴趣感興趣gǎn xìng qù to be interested


calendar

to experience / to undergo / to pass through / all / each / every / history
interesting / to interest
Shǐ

shǐ
surname Shi

history / annals / title of an official historian in ancient China

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
为了為了wèi le in order to / for the purpose of / so as to
特别特別tè bié especially / special / particular / unusual
了解liǎo jiě

liǎo jiě
to understand / to realize / to find out

to understand / to realize / to find out
麻将麻將má jiàng mahjong / CL: 副
special / unique / distinguished / especially / unusual / very


surname Ma

generic name for hemp, flax etc / hemp or flax fiber for textile materials / sesame / CL: 縷|缕 / (of materials) rough or coarse / pocked / pitted / to have pins and needles or tingling / to feel numb
jiāng

jiàng

qiāng
will / shall / to use / to take / to checkmate / just a short while ago / (introduces object of main verb, used in the same way as 把)

general / commander-in-chief (military) / king (chess piece) / to command / to lead

to desire / to invite / to request
le

liǎo

liǎo
(modal particle intensifying preceding clause) / (completed action marker)

to finish / to achieve / variant of 瞭|了 / to understand clearly

(of eyes) bright / clear-sighted / to understand clearly

Health 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


surname Gu

to look after / to take into consideration / to attend to
to die / impassable / uncrossable / inflexible / rigid / extremely / damned
mēn

mèn
stuffy / shut indoors / to smother / to cover tightly

bored / depressed / melancholy / sealed / airtight / tightly closed
tuǐ

tuǐ
leg / CL: 條|条

hip bone / old variant of 腿
zhào according to / in accordance with / to shine / to illuminate / to reflect / to look at (one's reflection) / to take (a photo) / photo / as requested / as before
照顾照顧zhào gu to take care of / to show consideration / to attend to / to look after

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
公斤gōng jīn kilogram (kg)
着急著急zháo jí to worry / to feel anxious / Taiwan pr. [zhao1 ji2]
shòu thin / to lose weight / (of clothing) tight / (of meat) lean / (of land) unproductive
jīn catty / (PRC) weight equal to 500 g / (Tw) weight equal to 600 g / (HK, Malaysia, Singapore) slightly over 604 g
urgent / pressing / rapid / hurried / worried / to make (sb) anxious
zhāo

zháo

zhe

zhuó
(chess) move / trick / all right! / (dialect) to add

to touch / to come in contact with / to feel / to be affected by / to catch fire / to burn / (coll.) to fall asleep / (after a verb) hitting the mark / succeeding in

aspect particle indicating action in progress

to wear (clothes) / to contact / to use / to apply

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
咳嗽ké sou to cough / CL: 陣|阵
抽烟抽煙chōu yān to smoke (a cigarette, tobacco)
hāi

sound of sighing

cough
sòu cough
chōu to draw out / to pull out from in between / to remove part of the whole / (of certain plants) to sprout or bud / to whip or thrash
yān cigarette or pipe tobacco / CL: 根 / smoke / mist / vapour / CL: 縷|缕 / tobacco plant / (of the eyes) to be irritated by smoke

Travel 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
border / edge / boundary / interval / between / inter- / to meet / time / occasion / to meet with (circumstances)


guì
Salix multinervis

cupboard / cabinet / wardrobe
zhuǎi

zhuǎn

zhuàn
see 轉文|转文

to turn / to change direction / to transfer / to forward (mail)

to revolve / to turn / to circle about / to walk about / classifier for revolutions (per minute etc): revs, rpm / classifier for repeated actions
转机轉機zhuǎn jī (to take) a turn for the better / to change planes
柜台櫃檯guì tái sales counter / front desk / bar / (of markets, medicines etc) OTC (over-the-counter)
国际國際guó jì international

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
换钱換錢huàn qián to change money / to sell
银行銀行yín háng bank / CL: 家, 個|个
充电充電chōng diàn to recharge batteries / fig. to rest and recuperate
国内國內guó nèi domestic / internal (to a country) / civil
yín silver / silver-colored / relating to money or currency
chōng to fill / to satisfy / to fulfill / to act in place of / substitute / sufficient / full
nèi inside / inner / internal / within / interior
háng

xíng
row / line / commercial firm / line of business / profession / to rank (first, second etc) among one's siblings (by age) / (in data tables) row / (Tw) column

to walk / to go / to travel / a visit / temporary / makeshift / current / in circulation / to do / to perform / capable / competent / effective / all right / OK! / will do / behavior / conduct / Taiwan pr. [xing4] for the behavior-conduct sense

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
充值chōng zhí to recharge (money onto a card)
漫游漫遊màn yóu to travel around / to roam / (mobile telephony) roaming
电话卡電話卡diàn huà kǎ telephone card
zhí value / (to be) worth / to happen to / to be on duty

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
订房訂房dìng fáng to reserve a room
退房tuì fáng to check out of a hotel room
取消qǔ xiāo to cancel / cancellation
导游導遊dǎo yóu tour guide / guidebook / to conduct a tour
dìng to agree / to conclude / to draw up / to subscribe to (a newspaper etc) / to order
to take / to get / to choose / to fetch
dǎo to transmit / to lead / to guide / to conduct / to direct
xiāo to disappear / to vanish / to eliminate / to spend (time) / have to / need

Languages 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


to answer / to agree

reply / answer / return / respond / echo
sentence / clause / phrase / classifier for phrases or lines of verse
Shàn

dān
surname Shan

bill / list / form / single / only / sole / odd number / CL: 個|个
jiǎn simple / uncomplicated / letter / to choose / to select / bamboo strips used for writing (old)
简单簡單jiǎn dān simple / not complicated
句子jù zi sentence / CL: 個|个
回答huí dá to reply / to answer / the answer / CL: 個|个

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
词典詞典cí diǎn dictionary (of Chinese compound words) / also written 辭典|辞典 / CL: 部, 本
应用應用yìng yòng to use / to apply / application / applicable
语法語法yǔ fǎ grammar
流利liú lì fluent
word / statement / speech / lyrics / CL: 組|组, 個|个 / a form of lyric poetry, flourishing in the Song dynasty 宋朝 / CL: 首
liú to flow / to disseminate / to circulate or spread / to move or drift / to degenerate / to banish or send into exile / stream of water or sth resembling one / class, rate or grade


surname Li

sharp / favorable / advantage / benefit / profit / interest / to do good to / to benefit
diǎn canon / law / standard work of scholarship / literary quotation or allusion / ceremony / to be in charge of / to mortgage or pawn
Yìng

yīng

yìng
surname Ying

to agree (to do sth) / should / ought to / must / (legal) shall

to answer / to respond / to comply with / to deal or cope with

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
下载下載xià zǎi to download / also pr. [xia4 zai4]
多邻国duō lín guóduolingo
翻译翻譯fān yì to translate / to interpret / translator / interpreter / translation / interpretation / CL: 個|个, 位, 名
fān to turn over / to flip over / to overturn / to rummage through / to translate / to decode / to double / to climb over or into / to cross
zǎi

zài
to record in writing / to carry (i.e. publish in a newspaper etc) / Taiwan pr. [zai4] / year

to carry / to convey / to load / to hold / to fill up / and / also / as well as / simultaneously
to translate / to interpret

House

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition


to hold / to contain / to grasp / to take hold of / handle / particle marking the following noun as a direct object / classifier for objects with handle / classifier for small objects: handful

handle
dēng lamp / light / lantern / CL: 盞|盏
空调空調kōng tiáo air conditioning / air conditioner (including units that have a heating mode) / CL: 臺|台
kōng

kòng
empty / air / sky / in vain

to empty / vacant / unoccupied / space / leisure / free time

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
fàng to put / to place / to release / to free / to let go / to let out / to set off (fireworks)
huà to draw / picture / painting / CL: 幅, 張|张 / classifier for paintings etc / variant of 劃|划
厨房廚房chú fáng kitchen / CL: 間|间
客厅客廳kè tīng drawing room (room for arriving guests) / living room / CL: 間|间
chú kitchen
tīng (reception) hall / living room / office / provincial government department

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
客人kè rén visitor / guest / customer / client / CL: 位
打扫打掃dǎ sǎo to clean / to sweep
干净乾淨gān jìng clean / neat
sǎo

sào
to sweep

broom
jìng clean / completely / only / net (income, exports etc) / (Chinese opera) painted face male role

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
电梯電梯diàn tī elevator / escalator / CL: 臺|台, 部
huài bad / spoiled / broken / to break down / (suffix) to the utmost
bèi quilt / by / (indicates passive-voice clauses) / (literary) to cover / to meet with
厕所廁所cè suǒ toilet / lavatory / CL: 間|间, 處|处


restroom / toilet / lavatory

see 茅廁|茅厕
ladder / stairs

Exam

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
hán cold / poor / to tremble
shǔ heat / hot weather / summer heat


to go and return / to return / to resume / to return to a normal or original state / to repeat / again / to recover / to restore / to turn over / to reply / to answer / to reply to a letter / to retaliate / to carry out

to repeat / to double / to overlap / complex (not simple) / compound / composite / double / diplo- / duplicate / overlapping / to duplicate
记得記得jì de to remember
复习復習fù xí to review / revision / CL: 次
数学數學shù xué mathematics / mathematical
放假fàng jià to have a holiday or vacation
暑假shǔ jià summer vacation / CL: 個|个
寒假hán jià winter vacation

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
终于終於zhōng yú at last / in the end / finally / eventually
结束結束jié shù termination / to finish / to end / to conclude / to close
放松放鬆fàng sōng to loosen / to relax
大学大學Dà xué

dà xué
the Great Learning, one of the Four Books 四書|四书 in Confucianism

university / college / CL: 所
zhōng end / finish
jiē

jié
(of a plant) to produce (fruit or seeds) / Taiwan pr. [jie2]

knot / sturdy / bond / to tie / to bind / to check out (of a hotel)
Sōng

sōng

sōng
surname Song

pine / CL: 棵

loose / to loosen / to relax




surname Yu

to go / to take / sentence-final interrogative particle / variant of 於|于

in / at / to / from / by / than / out of
Shù

shù
surname Shu

to bind / bunch / bundle / classifier for bunches, bundles, beams of light etc / to control

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
成绩成績chéng jì achievement / performance records / grades / CL: 項|项, 個|个
担心擔心dān xīn anxious / worried / uneasy / to worry / to be anxious
wéi

wèi
as (in the capacity of) / to take sth as / to act as / to serve as / to behave as / to become / to be / to do / by (in the passive voice)

because of / for / to
专业專業zhuān yè specialty / specialized field / main field of study (at university) / major / CL: 門|门, 個|个 / professional
Chéng

chéng
surname Cheng

to succeed / to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to become / to turn into / to be all right / OK! / one tenth
dān

dàn
to undertake / to carry / to shoulder / to take responsibility

picul (100 catties, 50 kg) / two buckets full / carrying pole and its load / classifier for loads carried on a shoulder pole
zhuān for a particular person, occasion, purpose / focused on one thing / special / expert / particular (to sth) / concentrated / specialized
to spin (hemp etc) / merit / accomplishment / Taiwan pr. [ji1]

Travel 4

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Jǐng

jǐng
surname Jing

bright / circumstance / scenery
jiē street / CL: 條|条
地图地圖dì tú map / CL: 張|张, 本
to hold / to seize / to catch / to apprehend / to take / (used in the same way as 把: to mark the following noun as a direct object)
chū to go out / to come out / to occur / to produce / to go beyond / to rise / to put forth / to happen / (used after a verb to indicate an outward direction or a positive result) / classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc
街道jiē dào street / CL: 條|条 / subdistrict / residential district
红绿灯紅綠燈hóng lǜ dēng traffic light / traffic signal
风景風景fēng jǐng scenery / landscape / CL: 個|个

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
司机司機sī jī chauffeur / driver / CL: 個|个
jiē to receive / to answer (the phone) / to meet or welcome sb / to connect / to catch / to join / to extend / to take one's turn on duty / to take over for sb
免费免費miǎn fèi free (of charge)
打车打車dǎ chē to take a taxi (in town) / to hitch a lift
观光觀光guān guāng to tour / sightseeing / tourism
miǎn to excuse sb / to exempt / to remove or dismiss from office / to avoid / to avert / to escape / to be prohibited
Guàn

guān

guàn
surname Guan

to look at / to watch / to observe / to behold / to advise / concept / point of view / outlook

Taoist monastery / palace gate watchtower / platform
guāng light / ray / CL: 道 / bright / only / merely / to use up

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
小心xiǎo xīn to be careful / to take care
Guò

guò

guo
surname Guo

to cross / to go over / to pass (time) / to celebrate (a holiday) / to live / to get along / excessively / too-

(experienced action marker)
时差時差shí chā time difference / time lag / jet lag
马路馬路mǎ lù street / road / CL: 條|条
参观參觀cān guān to look around / to tour / to visit
博物馆博物館bó wù guǎn museum
extensive / ample / rich / obtain / aim / to win / to get / plentiful / to gamble
chā

chà

chāi
difference / discrepancy / to differ / error / to err / to make a mistake

to differ from / to fall short of / lacking / wrong / inferior

to send / to commission / messenger / mission

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
安排ān pái to arrange / to plan / to set up / arrangements / plans
活动活動huó dòng to exercise / to move about / to operate / to use connections (personal influence) / loose / shaky / active / movable / activity / campaign / maneuver / behavior / CL: 項|项, 個|个
表演biǎo yǎn play / show / performance / exhibition / to perform / to act / to demonstrate / CL: 場|场
海边海邊hǎi biān coast / seaside / seashore / beach
pái a row / a line / to set in order / to arrange / to line up / to eliminate / to drain / to push open / platoon / raft / classifier for lines, rows etc
huó to live / alive / living / work / workmanship
yǎn to develop / to evolve / to practice / to perform / to play / to act

Communication 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
yóu post (office) / mail
刚才剛才gāng cái

gāng cái
just now / a moment ago

(just) a moment ago
电子邮件電子郵件diàn zǐ yóu jiàn email / CL: 封, 份
huí

huí
to circle / to go back / to turn around / to answer / to return / to revolve / Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims) / time / classifier for acts of a play / section or chapter (of a classic book)

to curve / to return / to revolve


to send out / to show (one's feeling) / to issue / to develop / to make a bundle of money / classifier for gunshots (rounds)

hair / Taiwan pr. [fa3]

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
主要zhǔ yào main / principal / major / primary
短信duǎn xìn text message / SMS
关于關於guān yú pertaining to / concerning / with regard to / about / a matter of
zhǔ owner / master / host / individual or party concerned / God / Lord / main / to indicate or signify / trump card (in card games)

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
登录登錄dēng lù to register / to log in
密码密碼mì mǎ secret code / ciphertext / password / PIN
信号信號xìn hào signal
dēng to scale (a height) / to ascend / to mount / to publish or record / to enter (e.g. in a register) / to press down with the foot / to step or tread on / to put on (shoes or trousers) (dialect) / to be gathered and taken to the threshing ground (old)


surname Mi / name of an ancient state

secret / confidential / close / thick / dense
weight / number / code / to pile / to stack / classifier for length or distance (yard), happenings etc


surname Lu

diary / record / to hit / to copy

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
Duàn

duàn
surname Duan

paragraph / section / segment / stage (of a process) / classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc
其实其實qí shí actually / in fact / really
过去過去guò qù

guò qu
(in the) past / former / previous / to go over / to pass by

(verb suffix)
Tán

tán
surname Tan

to speak / to talk / to converse / to chat / to discuss
shí real / true / honest / really / solid / fruit / seed / definitely

Work 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
同意tóng yì to agree / to consent / to approve
决定決定jué dìng to decide (to do something) / to resolve / decision / CL: 個|个, 項|项 / certainly
根据根據gēn jù according to / based on / basis / foundation / CL: 個|个
升职升職shēng zhí to get promoted (at work etc) / promotion
dìng to set / to fix / to determine / to decide / to order
gēn root / basis / classifier for long slender objects, e.g. cigarettes, guitar strings / CL: 條|条 / radical (chemistry)


see 拮据

according to / to act in accordance with / to depend on / to seize / to occupy
shēng to ascend / to rise to the rank of / to promote / to hoist / liter / measure for dry grain equal to one-tenth dou 斗
zhí office / duty

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
满意滿意mǎn yì satisfied / pleased / to one's satisfaction
认为認為rèn wéi to believe / to think / to consider / to feel
出差chū chāi to go on an official or business trip
表现表現biǎo xiàn to show / to show off / to display / to manifest / expression / manifestation / show / display / performance (at work etc) / behavior
滿Mǎn

mǎn
Manchu ethnic group

to fill / full / filled / packed / fully / completely / quite / to reach the limit / to satisfy / satisfied / contented
wéi

wèi
as (in the capacity of) / to take sth as / to act as / to serve as / to behave as / to become / to be / to do / by (in the passive voice)

because of / for / to
chā

chà

chāi
difference / discrepancy / to differ / error / to err / to make a mistake

to differ from / to fall short of / lacking / wrong / inferior

to send / to commission / messenger / mission

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
老板老闆Lǎo bǎn

lǎo bǎn
Robam (brand)

boss / business proprietor / CL: 個|个
麻烦麻煩má fan inconvenient / troublesome / annoying / to trouble or bother sb / to put sb to trouble
开会開會kāi huì to hold a meeting / to attend a meeting
面试面試miàn shì to be interviewed (as a candidate) / interview
bǎn

bǎn

pàn
board / plank / plate / shutter / table tennis bat / clappers (music) / CL: 塊|块 / accented beat in Chinese music / hard / stiff / to stop smiling or look serious

see 老闆|老板, boss

to catch sight of in a doorway (old)
fán to feel vexed / to bother / to trouble / superfluous and confusing / edgy

Festivals

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
bǐng round flat cake / cookie / cake / pastry / CL: 張|张
Yuán

yuán
surname Yuan

land used for growing plants / site used for public recreation
月亮yuè liang the moon
月饼月餅yuè bǐng mooncake (esp. for the Mid-Autumn Festival)
中秋节中秋節Zhōng qiū jié the Mid-Autumn Festival on 15th of 8th lunar month
yuán circle / round / circular / spherical / (of the moon) full / unit of Chinese currency (Yuan) / tactful / to justify

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
恭喜gōng xǐ congratulations / greetings
红包紅包hóng bāo money wrapped in red as a gift / bonus payment / kickback / bribe
汤圆湯圓tāng yuán boiled balls of glutinous rice flour, eaten during the Lantern Festival
聚会聚會jù huì party / gathering / to meet / to get together
发财發財fā cái to get rich
gōng respectful
to congregate / to assemble / to mass / to gather together / to amass / to polymerize
cái money / wealth / riches / property / valuables

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
端午节端午節Duān wǔ jié Dragon Boat Festival (5th day of the 5th lunar month)
粽子zòng zi glutinous rice and choice of filling wrapped in leaves and boiled
huá

huá

huà
to row / to paddle / profitable / worth (the effort) / it pays (to do sth)

to cut / to slash / to scratch (cut into the surface of sth) / to strike (a match)

to delimit / to transfer / to assign / to plan / to draw (a line) / stroke of a Chinese character
龙舟龍舟lóng zhōu dragon boat / imperial boat
duān end / extremity / item / port / to hold sth level with both hands / to carry / regular
zòng rice dumplings wrapped in leaves
Lóng

lóng
surname Long

dragon / CL: 條|条 / imperial
zhōu boat

Gourmet 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
zhū bead / pearl / CL: 粒, 顆|颗
Tāng

shāng

tāng
surname Tang

rushing current

soup / hot or boiling water / decoction of medicinal herbs / water in which sth has been boiled
suān sour / tart / sick at heart / grieved / sore / aching / pedantic / impractical / an acid
zhēn precious thing / treasure / culinary delicacy / rare / valuable / to value highly
珍珠奶茶zhēn zhū nǎi chá pearl milk tea / tapioca milk tea / bubble milk tea
酸辣汤酸辣湯suān là tāng hot and sour soup / sour and spicy soup

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
北京烤鸭北京烤鴨Běi jīng kǎo yā Peking Duck
春卷春捲chūn juǎn egg roll / spring roll
豆花dòu huā jellied tofu / soft bean curd
kǎo to roast / to bake / to broil
duck / CL: 隻|只 / (slang) male prostitute
juǎn

juàn

juǎn
to roll up / roll / classifier for small rolled things (wad of paper money, movie reel etc)

scroll / book / volume / chapter / examination paper / classifier for books, paintings: volume, scroll

to roll (up) / to sweep up / to carry on / roll

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
宫保鸡丁宮保雞丁gōng bǎo jī dīng Kung Pao Chicken / spicy diced chicken
卤肉饭lǔ ròu fànBraised pork on rice
馒头饅頭mán tou steamed roll / steamed bun / steamed bread / CL: 個|个
Bǎo

bǎo
Bulgaria / Bulgarian / abbr. for 保加利亞|保加利亚

to defend / to protect / to keep / to guarantee / to ensure


to stew in soy sauce and spices

alkaline soil / salt / brine / halogen (chemistry) / crass / stupid
mán steamed bread
Dīng

dīng
surname Ding

fourth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / fourth in order / letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 195° / butyl / cubes (of food)

Internet Slang

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
háo grand / heroic
zhái residence / (coll.) to stay in at home / to hang around at home


Tu (ethnic group) / surname Tu

earth / dust / clay / local / indigenous / crude opium / unsophisticated / one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音
土豪tǔ háo local tyrant / local strong man / (slang) nouveau riche
吃货吃貨chī huò chowhound / foodie / a good-for-nothing
宅男zhái nán a guy who stays at home all the time, typically spending a lot of time playing online games (derived from Japanese "otaku")

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
菜鸟菜鳥cài niǎo (coll.) sb new to a particular subject / rookie / beginner / newbie
美图měi tú
méng to sprout / to bud / to have a strong affection for (slang) / adorable (loanword from Japanese 萌え moe, slang describing affection for a cute character)
自拍zì pāi to take a picture or video of oneself

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
jiǒngvariant of 冏 / used as emoticon ("smiley") meaning embarrassed, sad :-(, depressed or frustrated
美眉měi méi (coll.) pretty girl
高富帅高富帥gāo fù shuài "Mr Perfect" (i.e. tall, rich and handsome) (Internet slang)
méi eyebrow / upper margin


surname Fu

rich / abundant / wealthy

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
shuā

shuà
to brush / to paint / to daub / to paste up / to skip class (of students) / to fire from a job

to select
微博wēi bó micro-blogging / microblog
微信Wēi xìn Weixin or WeChat (mobile text and voice messaging service developed by Tencent 騰訊|腾讯)
朋友圈Péng you quān Moments (social networking function of smartphone app WeChat 微信)
Wēi

wēi
surname Wei / ancient Chinese state near present day Chongqing / Taiwan pr. [Wei2]

tiny / miniature / slightly / profound / abtruse / to decline / one millionth part of / micro- / Taiwan pr. [wei2]
juān

juàn

quān
to confine / to lock up / to pen in

pen (pig) / a fold

circle / ring / loop / classifier for loops, orbits, laps of race etc / CL: 個|个 / to surround / to circle

Lesson - 5
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
关注關注guān zhù to pay attention to / to follow sth closely / concern / interest / attention
diǎn point / dot / drop / speck / o'clock / point (in space or time) / to draw a dot / to check on a list / to choose / to order (food in a restaurant) / to touch briefly / to hint / to light / to ignite / to pour a liquid drop by drop / (old) one fifth of a two-hour watch 更 / dot stroke in Chinese characters / classifier for items
zàn to patronize / to support / to praise / (Internet slang) to like (an online post on Facebook etc)
转发轉發zhuǎn fā to transmit / to forward (mail, SMS, packets of data) / to pass on / to republish (an article from another publication)
好友hǎo yǒu close friend / pal / (social networking website) friend / CL: 個|个
Jiā

jiā
abbr. for Canada 加拿大 / surname Jia

to add / plus / (used after an adverb such as 不, 大, 稍 etc, and before a disyllabic verb, to indicate that the action of the verb is applied to sth or sb previously mentioned) / to apply (restrictions etc) to (sb) / to give (support, consideration etc) to (sth)

Lesson - 6
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
粉丝粉絲fěn sī bean vermicelli / mung bean starch noodles / Chinese vermicelli / cellophane noodles / CL: 把 / fan (loanword) / enthusiast for sb or sth
分享fēn xiǎng to share (let others have some of sth good)
评论評論píng lùn to comment on / to discuss / comment / commentary / CL: 篇
fěn powder / cosmetic face powder / food prepared from starch / noodles or pasta made from any kind of flour / whitewash / white / pink
silk / thread / trace / (cuisine) shreds or julienne strips / CL: 條|条 / classifier: a thread (of cloud, smoke etc), a bit, an iota, a hint (of sth) etc
xiǎng to enjoy / to benefit / to have the use of
píng to discuss / to comment / to criticize / to judge / to choose (by public appraisal)
Lún

lùn
abbr. for 論語|论语, The Analects (of Confucius)

opinion / view / theory / doctrine / to discuss / to talk about / to regard / to consider / per / by the (kilometer, hour etc)

Business 1

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
xiāo to melt (metal) / to cancel or annul / to sell / to spend / to fasten with a bolt / bolt or pin


see 拮据

according to / to act in accordance with / to depend on / to seize / to occupy
收据收據shōu jù receipt / CL: 張|张
报销報銷bào xiāo to submit an expense account / to apply for reimbursement / to write off / to wipe out
费用費用fèi yòng cost / expenditure / expense / CL: 筆|笔, 個|个

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
尽快儘快jǐn kuài

jìn kuài
as quickly as possible / as soon as possible / with all speed

see 儘快|尽快
回复回復huí fù to reply / to recover / to return (to a previous condition) / Re: in reply to (email)
报告報告bào gào to inform / to report / to make known / report / speech / talk / lecture / CL: 篇, 份, 個|个, 通
协议協議xié yì agreement / pact / protocol / CL: 項|项
jǐn

jìn
to the greatest extent / (when used before a noun of location) furthest or extreme / to be within the limits of / to give priority to

to use up / to exhaust / to end / to finish / to the utmost / exhausted / finished / to the limit (of sth) / all / entirely
xié to cooperate / to harmonize / to help / to assist / to join
to comment on / to discuss / to suggest

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
合同hé tong (business) contract / CL: 個|个
项目項目xiàng mù item / project / (sports) event / CL: 個|个
签名簽名qiān míng to sign (one's name with a pen etc) / to autograph / signature
汇报匯報huì bào

huì bào
to report / to give an account of / to collect information and report back

to report / to give an account of / report


100 ml / one-tenth of a peck / measure for dry grain equal to one-tenth of sheng 升 or liter, or one-hundredth dou 斗

to close / to join / to fit / to be equal to / whole / together / round (in battle) / conjunction (astronomy) / 1st note of pentatonic scale / old variant of 盒
Xiàng

xiàng
surname Xiang

back of neck / item / thing / term (in a mathematical formula) / sum (of money) / classifier for principles, items, clauses, tasks, research projects etc
huì

huì
to remit / to converge (of rivers) / to exchange

class / collection

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
广告廣告guǎng gào to advertise / a commercial / advertisement / CL: 項|项
预算預算yù suàn budget
资本資本zī běn capital (economics)
low / beneath / to lower (one's head) / to let droop / to hang down / to incline
广Guǎng

guǎng
surname Guang

wide / numerous / to spread
resources / capital / to provide / to supply / to support / money / expense

Business 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
xiǎn danger / dangerous / rugged
tóu to cast / to send / to throw oneself (into the river etc) / to seek refuge / to place oneself into the hands of
保险保險bǎo xiǎn insurance / to insure / safe / secure / be sure / be bound to / CL: 份
风险風險fēng xiǎn risk / hazard
投资投資tóu zī investment / to invest

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
律师律師lǜ shī lawyer
版权版權bǎn quán copyright
咨询咨詢zī xún to consult / to seek advice / consultation / (sales) inquiry (formal)


surname Lü

law
bǎn a register / block of printing / edition / version / page
to consult
Quán

quán
surname Quan

authority / power / right / (literary) to weigh / expedient / temporary
xún to ask about / to inquire about

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
保持bǎo chí to keep / to maintain / to hold / to preserve
联系聯繫lián xì connection / contact / relation / to get in touch with / to integrate / to link / to touch
guì expensive / noble / precious / (honorific) your
miǎn to excuse sb / to exempt / to remove or dismiss from office / to avoid / to avert / to escape / to be prohibited
lián to ally / to unite / to join / (poetry) antithetical couplet
chí to hold / to grasp / to support / to maintain / to persevere / to manage / to run (i.e. administer) / to control

Lesson - 4
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
合作hé zuò to cooperate / to collaborate / to work together / cooperation / CL: 個|个
愉快yú kuài cheerful / cheerily / delightful / pleasant / pleasantly / pleasing / happy / delighted
辛苦xīn kǔ exhausting / hard / tough / arduous / to work hard / to go to a lot of trouble / hardship(s)
感谢感謝gǎn xiè (express) thanks / gratitude / grateful / thankful / thanks
pleased
Xīn

xīn
surname Xin

(of taste) hot or pungent / hard / laborious / suffering / eighth in order / eighth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / letter "H" or roman "VIII" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 285° / octa

Emergency

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
shāng to injure / injury / wound
shòu to receive / to accept / to suffer / subjected to / to bear / to stand / pleasant / (passive marker)
to protect
jiù to save / to assist / to rescue
jǐng to alert / to warn / police
报警報警bào jǐng to sound an alarm / to report sth to the police
救护车救護車jiù hù chē ambulance / CL: 輛|辆
受伤受傷shòu shāng to sustain injuries / wounded (in an accident etc) / harmed

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
救命jiù mìng to save sb's life / (interj.) Help! / Save me!
发生發生fā shēng to happen / to occur / to take place / to break out
意外yì wài unexpected / accident / mishap / CL: 個|个
严重嚴重yán zhòng grave / serious / severe / critical
Yán

yán
surname Yan

tight (closely sealed) / stern / strict / rigorous / severe / father
mìng life / fate / order or command / to assign a name, title etc

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
tōu to steal / to pilfer / to snatch / thief / stealthily
shì matter / thing / item / work / affair / CL: 件, 樁|桩, 回
警察jǐng chá police / police officer / CL: 個|个
Chá

chá
short name for Chahar Province 察哈爾|察哈尔

to examine / to inquire / to observe / to inspect / to look into / obvious / clearly evident

Work 3

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
jiǎng prize / award / encouragement / CL: 個|个
工资工資gōng zī wages / pay / CL: 個|个, 份, 月
加班jiā bān to work overtime
奖金獎金jiǎng jīn premium / award money / bonus
生意shēng yì

shēng yi
life force / vitality

business / CL: 筆|笔

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
压力壓力yā lì pressure
责任責任zé rèn responsibility / blame / duty / CL: 個|个
商量shāng liang to consult / to talk over / to discuss
意见意見yì jiàn idea / opinion / suggestion / objection / complaint / CL: 點|点, 條|条


to press / to push down / to keep under (control) / pressure

see 壓根兒|压根儿
duty / responsibility / to reproach / to blame
Rén

rèn
surname Ren / Ren County 任縣|任县 in Hebei

to assign / to appoint / to take up a post / office / responsibility / to let / to allow / to give free rein to / no matter (how, what etc) / classifier for terms served in office, or for spouses, girlfriends etc (as in 前任男友)

Lesson - 3
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
误会誤會wù huì to misunderstand / to mistake / misunderstanding / CL: 個|个
抱歉bào qiàn to be sorry / to feel apologetic / sorry!
原谅原諒yuán liàng to excuse / to forgive / to pardon
mistake / error / to miss / to harm / to delay / to neglect / mistakenly
bào to hold / to carry (in one's arms) / to hug / to embrace / to surround / to cherish
Yuán

yuán
Hara (Japanese surname)

former / original / primary / raw / level / cause / source
qiàn to apologize / to regret / deficient
liàng to show understanding / to excuse / to presume / to expect

Weather 2

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
干燥乾燥gān zào to dry (of weather, paint, cement etc) / desiccation / dull / uninteresting / arid
暖和nuǎn huo warm / nice and warm
凉快涼快liáng kuai nice and cold / pleasantly cool
zào dry / parched / impatient
nuǎn warm / to warm








huó

huò
surname He / Japanese (food, clothes etc)

and / together with / with / sum / union / peace / harmony / Taiwan pr. [han4] when it means "and" or "with"

to compose a poem in reply (to sb's poem) using the same rhyme sequence / to join in the singing / to chime in with others

to complete a set in mahjong or playing cards

to combine a powdery substance (flour, plaster etc) with water / Taiwan pr. [huo4]

to mix (ingredients) together / to blend / classifier for rinses of clothes / classifier for boilings of medicinal herbs
Liáng

liáng

liàng
the five Liang of the Sixteen Kingdoms, namely: Former Liang 前涼|前凉 (314-376), Later Liang 後涼|后凉 (386-403), Northern Liang 北涼|北凉 (398-439), Southern Liang 南涼|南凉 (397-414), Western Liang 西涼|西凉 (400-421)

cool / cold

to let sth cool down

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
温度溫度wēn dù temperature / CL: 個|个


duó
to pass / to spend (time) / measure / limit / extent / degree of intensity / degree (angles, temperature etc) / kilowatt-hour / classifier for events and occurrences

to estimate / Taiwan pr. [duo4]
大约大約dà yuē approximately / probably
Wēn

wēn
surname Wen

warm / lukewarm / temperature / to warm up / mild / soft / tender / to review (a lesson etc) / fever (TCM) / old variant of 瘟

Duo

Lesson - 1
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
yīng eagle / falcon / hawk
Máo

máo
surname Mao

hair / feather / down / wool / mildew / mold / coarse or semifinished / young / raw / careless / unthinking / nervous / scared / (of currency) to devalue or depreciate / classifier for Chinese fractional monetary unit ( = 角 , = one-tenth of a yuan or 10 fen 分)
feather / 5th note in pentatonic scale
chéng orange tree / orange (color)
猫头鹰貓頭鷹māo tóu yīng owl
羽毛yǔ máo feather / plumage / plume
多儿duō er

Lesson - 2
Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin English Definition
鼓励鼓勵gǔ lì to encourage
提醒tí xǐng to remind / to call attention to / to warn of
lǎn lazy
放弃放棄fàng qì to renounce / to abandon / to give up
drum / CL: 通, 面 / to drum / to strike / to rouse / to bulge / to swell


surname Li

to encourage / to urge
xǐng to wake up / to be awake / to become aware / to sober up / to come to
to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away